Category Archives: IELTS Listening (all)

IELTS Listening for personal information

IELTS Listening for personal information

You should also take a look at the lesson ‘Listening for details in IELTS

In the first section of the IELTS listening test, it is common to have to take a note of some personal information from one of the speakers. This can be there name, their address, a telephone number or other similar details.

IELTS Listening for personal informationIn this section of the test, it is also common for the speaker to spell a word (for example, that speaker may say ‘I live in Arlene Road, that’s A – R – L – E – N – E Road’.).

Here are just some of the points you may need to listen out for when listening for personal information:

  • Surname / Family name
  • Other names (this could include nicknames of abbreviations)
  • Telephone number
  • Current occupation
  • Marital status (e.g. single, divorced, married, separated)
  • Educational qualifications
  • D.O.B (date of birth)
  • Nationality
  • Current address

These questions can often be the easiest way to pick up points in the IELTS listening test, but points can also be lost for not spelling the answer correctly. Practice by listening to the recording below and putting the word you hear in the boxes below. To simulate the real IELTS test, don’t pause the recording – see if you can keep up with the spelling.


Listen to the recording and type the names you hear in the boxes below.

You should also take a look at the lesson ‘Listening for details in IELTS

Signpost words in IELTS listening

Signpost words in IELTS listening


NOTE: we recommend you take a look at the post on linking words before beginning this page.

In the listening test, the type of linking words you hear can help you predict the general direction of what you hear. You can tell if points are connected as:

• comparisons
• concessions
• additions
• sequences
• opposites
• cause and effect constructions.

These are called ‘signpost words’ (also ‘discourse markers’), as they are a signpost to tell you what is happening next. Understanding and following signpost words can be a very helpful way to improve your IELTS result as it will help you better follow the conversation.

Listen to the recording. You will hear the first part of a sentence. What point do you think it will be followed by? Write the linking word that helped you decide. The first one has been done for you.

Sentence 1 (example): The next point is likely to be an opposite because of the word although.

Sentence 2: The next point is likely to be   because of the word
Show answer SEQUENCE because of the words ‘NEXT STEP’

Sentence 3: The next point is likely to bebecause of the word
Show answer ADDITION because of the words ‘NO ONLY…BUT ALSO’

Sentence 4: The next point is likely to bebecause of the word
Show answer CONCESSION because of the word ‘ADMITTEDLY’

Sentence 5: The next point is likely to bebecause of the word
Show answer CAUSE/EFFECT because of the words ‘AS A RESULT’

Sentence 6: The next point is likely to bebecause of the word
Show answer COMPARISON because of the words ‘IN THE SAME WAY’

Linking words in listening are only one example of discourse markers – the words and expressions used to show how speech is constructed. They are particularly useful for you in Sections 2 and 4 of the listening test as they indicate changes in the direction of a thought, idea or opinion. That means if you have a question asking about reading ability and the next question is asking about new additions to the school building, then you can expect to hear a discourse marker announcing the change of topic.

Here are some of the more common signpost words and phrases, with their meanings.

First = This it the beginning of a list of points.
Like = An example is going to be given.
Anyway = This could mean a change of subject or nearing the end of the talk.
I mean = The speaker is about to rephrase or give an example.
So = An effect or a result of a previous point is about to be stated.
Moving on = Another point is going to be introduced.
As I said = The speaker is going to recap an earlier point.
To make myself clear = The speaker is going to rephrase a point.
Right = This could mean the speaker is about to begin,change the subject or is nearing the end of the talk.
To put it another way = The speaker is about to rephrase a point.
This isn’t always so = The speaker is about to give exceptions to or contrasts to a previous comment
Now = The speaker is about to begin a new subject.
Talking about that = The speaker is going to expand on a point.

Test your skills! You can either try completing the text below using the list of signpost words presented above then listen, or you could just listen and complete the answers!

(1) I’d like to thank you all again for coming to this meeting, and to say that I have received apologies from Mrs Brownlow, who won’t be able to attend today. (2), I’d like to talk to you about our English language department. (3) in the last meeting, we are looking for some of you to act as mentors for our international students arriving over the coming weeks. Although our college prides itself on having a welcoming environment in which international students can feel at home from the very first day, we know (4). Feelings of homesickness, isolation and loneliness are somewhat unavoidable, but I would like, as much as possible, to reduce these factors by teaming new students with existing students who have been here some time. (5), I am looking for volunteers to show the new students around, introduce them to people and generally ease them into their studies, so if any of you are willing to help, then please come to my office anytime during the week and let me know. (6), I’d also like to talk to you about a temporary teacher who will be joining us for the next week or so. He will be teaching history and sociology, and substituting for Miss Kinsale until her recovery. (7), if anyone
wants to send her a card then just let me know by the end of the day as I will be going to the hospital this evening to visit her. (8), unless there is anything else you want to add, we’ll close the meeting. I hope to see some of you during the week.

Show answer 1. First
2. Now
3. As I said
4. This isn’t always so
5. To put it another way
6. Moving on
7. Talking about that
8. Right

Show All correct answers

In addition to discourse markers, the intonation pattern of the speaker’s voice can also indicate a change of topic. The tone of voice generally falls at the end of one topic, followed by a pause then starts on the next topic in a higher tone.

Here are 2 examples. In the first part, the speaker has clearly indicated that they have finished by having a falling intonation. The second speaker has a rising intonation, indicating more is to come.

IELTS test day listening exercise

IELTS test day listening exercise

For this listening exercise, we’ve used ALL the different question types you will find in the IELTS listening test.

The listening is about a candidate’s experience on test day – this is not a topic you would normally have in the IELTS test (and it is easier than normal IELTS recordings), but is an opportunity for you to get some idea of what other people feel on test day!



Answer the following using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS (this is a short answer question).

1. How did Eileen feel before the test?
Show answer NERVOUS

Circle the correct answer A–C  (this is a multiple choice question).

2. She felt calmer
A. when her friend got her results
B. after she had spoken to her mother
C. the night before the test.
  Show answer B

Complete the sentence below in ONE WORD (this is a sentence completion question).

3. The hardest part of the listening test was ____________________.
Show answer SPELLING

Label the diagram below (this is a labelling a diagram question).

4. In which room was Eileen’s speaking test?
Show answer INTERVIEW ROOM 5

IELTS test day listening exercise

Match a problem with a solution (this is a matching/classifying question).

A. If you feel nervous…
B. If you make a mistake…

5.  stop and rephrase your sentence. Show answer B

6.  stop and take a deep breath. Show answer A

Questions 7-9. Complete the table below using NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS/AND OR A NUMBER (this is a table completion question).

 The most difficult section  The most difficult question type
 Writing  (7)  Writing about tables
 Reading  (8)    (9)

7. Show answer TASK 1/ONE 8. Show answer PASSAGE 2/TWO 9. Show answer MULTIPLE CHOICE

Choose the correct letter A–D (this is a labelling a diagram question)
10. What does Eileen recommend just before going in to the test?
Show answer C


Show All correct answers

Click here to read the transcript of the recording Teacher: So Eileen, tell me how you felt just before your test.

Well, it was the first time I had taken a test for such a long time that l was very nervous. Actually, didn’t sleep very well for nearly a week before the test. I felt a little under pressure because a friend of mine had got results a week before, and just his he’d done very well. Anyway, rang my parents the night before, and my mother reminded me that there was no point in worrying, and that made me feel a little calmer.

Teacher: So tell me how things went on the day. What about the listening test?

Eileen (student): Surprisingly, the listening test wasn’t as difficult as I’d thought. The hardest part was spelling, but didn’t feel that the sections got much more difficult as the test went on. By the end I felt quite confident in my answers.

Teacher: Tell me about the speaking. What was that like?

Eileen (student): I didn’t make a very good start. From the waiting area, l was supposed to go up to in end of the corridor and turn right. My interview room was on the right, but I the the room on the left and when showed the interviewer my ID he told me I was in wrong room! Anyway, he took me where I was supposed to go so it wasn’t too bad. Anyway, my real interviewer was great She made me feel so relaxed. Before the interview began, she asked me if taken the test before, and when told her was my first time, she just smiled and said “relax. I did find myself getting a nervous, but have little just took a breath and relaxed. As for the actual interview, I felt that I could done a little better but then I suppose most people feel that. Once or twice l realised I’d made a mistake so just corrected myself and went on

Teacher: Okay. What about the writing test?

Eileen (student): Well, I spent a few minutes too long on Task One l had to write about a table, a they’re easier to write about. Actually, I think tables was hoping for a graph because because the title was are the most difficult Task wasn’t too bad though to something I had studied in my class. I wrote a plan, so I just followed what I had written. Near the end I changed a few parts the plan a of didn’t follow my original idea but I still felt that Id done a good job

Teacher: And finally, then, the reading?

Eileen (student): Well, when the examiner handed out the test, l thought the size of the booklet was a little intimidating. To calm me down, I had a quick look through the three passage before began, and didn’t have much problem with the first and the third, but though Reading Passage 2 was quite difficult. There were some multiple-choice questions and I’ve always found them a little difficult. But just left them and moved on, an found I had a few minutes a the end to go back and answer them

Teacher: Good. Well, just before we finish, do you have any advice you would give to someone just about to take their test?

Eileen (student): Yes, a couple of things actually. A few days before the test, look through the work yo have done, but the night before the test, don’t do anything. Relax and go to bed ear In the morning, have a good breakfast. But the most important advice l would give to avoid speaking or listening to anything but English on the day. Listen to the radio when you get up, and take a portable cassette player to listen to when you’re waiting to go into the test room. Don’t speak your native language even if there are people that you know at the test centre.

Teacher: Well, thanks very much, Eileen. When do you get your results?

Eileen (student): Next Friday, I think.

Teacher: I hope you’ve done well.

Eileen (student): Thanks

Listening for numbers in IELTS listening

Listening for numbers in IELTS listening

In the IELTS listening test, it is very common to have to listen for numbers to get a correct answer. In this exercise, you can practice your listening by listening to the recording and entering the numbers and dates into this news report.

There are three different ways you can try this exercise!

Listening for numbers in IELTS listening1. Look at the numbers below, read the text carefully and logically there is only one place each number can go.
2. Listen to the recording and enter the numbers as you hear them.
3. Look at the numbers first, then listen to the recording and enter the numbers as you hear them (the easiest option!)

You can choose to make this exercise a little easier by showing you all the numbers, or you can listen to the recording without looking at the numbers!

Show all of the numbers (don't click this if you want more of a challenge!)
  • 0.3
  • 6
  • 5.6
  • ¼
  • 17
  • 1100
  • 7 00 000
  • II
  • 4 000 000
  • 30


Good evening and welcome to the Show answer 6 o’clock news. Tonight’s top story: a second earthquake in months has struck Japan. Preliminary reports claim that up to Show answer 1100 people are missing and the damage is estimated to be over $Show answer 700,000 . In other news, unemployment statistics released today show a slight decrease at Show answer 5.6 %, a Show answer 0.3 % drop over last year’s figure of 5.3%. This has come as welcome news to the government, especially with the upcoming general election.

Plans to make Auckland city the new capital of New Zealand have been scrapped. Despite  home to over Show answer 1/4 of the population, there has been overwhelming popular support to maintain Wellington’s status as the nation’s capital.

In entertainment news, Tom Cruise has denied that he will be returning to New Zealand to start filming The Last Samurai Show answer II . In the first movie, The Last Samurai, Cruise was reported to have earned $US Show answer 24,000,000 , and stated that he was looking for another eight-figure deal before signing the contract to do the sequel.

Now to sport, where the All Blacks have come home victorious once again, beating Wales by only one point in a thrilling ending. Wales had kept the lead with 16 points up to half time, but were unable to score again as the All Blacks dominated the second half to finish on Show answer 17 points.

Finally, the weather. It looks like summer has finally arrived with the temperatures on the east coast reaching a high of Show answer 30 degrees tomorrow.

Show All correct answers

Predicting and anticipating in the IELTS listening test – exercise

Predicting and anticipating in the IELTS listening test – exercise

In a previous post we looked at the importance of predicting and anticipating in the IELTS listening test. Practice your skills with these 10 questions by predicting as much as you can.

NOTE: there is no audio for this exercise – this is to improve your predicting skills.

Questions 1 to 5. Complete the missing information. Use NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS OR A NUMBER for each answer.

Rugby International – receipt

Name of ticket holder: Carl Hawkins

Payment method: (1)_____________​

Show answer Looking for a method of payment. Likely to be either cash or credit card but could also be telephone, Internet or in person.

Predicting and anticipating in the IELTS listening test - exerciseNew Zealand All Blacks v (2)____________​ Show answer Given that the receipt is for an international game, you should predict it’s a country, possibly also the nickname of the team (e.g. South Africa or Springboks)

Starts at: (3) _____________​ Show answer Very likely that this is a clock time, likely to be in the afternoon. Slim possibility that the date will also be required.

Number of people (4)______________​ Show answer You should be able to work out that because it is a receipt, it is asking not for the number of people attending the whole match, but how many people are included in this transaction. Judging by questions 6 – 9 it is likely to be only 2. Question 10, with its future grammar referring to the brother, suggests he is not there at the time. Also question 5 only has space for two seat numbers.

Seat number(s) K112 and (5)_____________​ Show answer Logically from question 4, you should be looking for one seat number. As they were booked together this is more than likely to be sequential (K111 or K113) but you should keep an open mind as it could also be J112 or L112.

Questions 6 – 10.

Answer the following questions using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS.

6. Why didn’t Carl Hawkins go to the match?​ Show answer The question word is obviously looking for a reason.

7. Where had they planned to meet?​ Show answer This is likely to be a location in reference to a stadium. This could include door number, stand number, seat number, etc. You should also be listening for a preposition of place (i.e. inside, outside, beside, in front) given that the word limit is three words.

8. Why was Jane angry?​ Show answer We know from question 6 that Carl couldn’t go to the match but it was his name on the receipt. This leaves it probable that Jane was either left waiting or couldn’t go herself.

9. What are they doing next Saturday?​ Show answer You should be able to predict a change in tone of the conversation, referring away from past events and using future grammar. You could also anticipate hearing the word ‘Saturday’ or similar (weekend, first day off work, etc). and also  listening for an action verb, possibly connected with Jane’s brother arriving (cleaning the house, meeting him at the airport, etc).

10. When is Jane’s brother arriving?​ Show answer This could be a day of the week, a date or a clock time.

Show All correct answers

Matching and classifying in IELTS listening

Matching and classifying in IELTS listening

Matching and classifying in IELTS listeningMatching and classifying questions test your ability to understand a rephrased sentence and identify key points in the recording, as well as understand relationships between ideas.

You can think of matching questions as trying to find a pair of socks – one sock will match another. Classifying questions are a little different in that you have a category that the sub-sections fit in. Here’s a VERY SIMPLE example: you could have categories like FOOD, CLOTHING and WEATHER. The question would then ask you to ‘categorise’ items like trousers, apples and sunshine.

Matching questions in IELTS

Here’s an example of a matching question (there is no recording for this exercise – it is just an example. See below for a full exercise with audio):

Match the following dates to the statements that follow. Write A, B or C in your answer sheet.

A. 2011
B. 2013
C. 2015

1. The first scientific discovery was made.
2. Dr Ignatius published a landmark research paper
3. The experiment was abandoned.

With this type of question, you are simply matching a number and a letter. Classifying questions are very similar, but commonly use the same letter more than once.

Classifying questions in IELTS

Here’s an example of a classifying question:

Which person states the following:

A. Dr Jameson
B. Dr Walker
C. Dr Bell

1. Further research is essential
2. More finances will be required
3. Government support is not welcome
4. The conclusions drawn in 2013 were incomplete
3. The process of extraction is too expensive

Now practice!

This is a Section 3 example – Questions 28-30 are classifying questions.

Section 3 Questions 21-30

Questions 21-25

Answer the questions below


21. What was the student’s assignment marked out of?

Show answer


22. For which area of the assignment did the student get the best marks?

Show answer

Report format

23. In addition to the internet, what was the only other reference source used by the student?

Show answer

(The) course textbook

24. Which orientation did the student not attend at the beginning of the course?

Show answer

(The) library orientation

25. What should the student have included into their question about food and drink bought in cafes?

Show answer

(An) additional category

Questions 26 and 27

Complete the sentences below

Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer

26. When designing a questionnaire the writer should not assume a …. or point of view exists without sufficient evidence.

Show answer


27. The student’s questionnaire would have required too much ………….to be effective for business use.

Show answer

time (and/&) labour

Questions 28-30

What does the lecturer tell the student about each book?

Choose your answers from the list and write the correct letter A-F next to questions 28-30

  1. Needs updating
  2. Up to date
  3. Easy to understand
  4. Expensive
  5. Too simplistic
  6. Realistic

28. Qualitative Analysis, (Gaston) _______________

Show answer


29. Effective Research Analysis (English & Gatehill) _______________

Show answer

30. Techniques that Work (Sandbrookes) _______________

Show answer

Listening test #1

Free IELTS listening test 4 Section 1

Free IELTS listening test 4 Section 1

Jump to Section 2 | Jump to Section 3 | Jump to Section 4

Note: all of the question types, timings and pauses between recordings in this free online IELTS listening test are EXACTLY what you can expect in the IELTS test. Our free online material has been designed to emulate the IELTS test as accurately as possible in every aspect.

Looking for even more listening practice tests? Our online course has over 10 hours of recordings, and your answers are automatically marked and graded by our online system.

Free IELTS listening test 4 Section 1We strongly recommend that you do not pause the recording during this practice test – the exact timing you will have in the IELTS test is already built in, so pausing the recording will not give you an accurate idea of your level.

When you have finished the test, take a note of the number of correct answers you got and move on to Section 2.


Section 1 Questions 1-10

Complete the form below.


SPCA Application for Dog Adoption

Example answer:

Applicant details Name: Helen Morgan

Date of Interview: September the (1)   Show answer 17th

Address: 12 Towley Avenue, Meadowlea

Tel: 443 5421

Lifestyle Details

Work schedule: At home apart from Wed/Fri between 10 am and (2) Show answer 2.30pm

Reason for Adopting a dog: As a (3) Show answer (family) pet

Number of people permanently living in household: (4) Show answer2

Ages (years) of children who visit regularly: (5) and 6. Show answer3

Allergies to dogs: None

Main carer: Applicant and (6) Show answer(her) husband

Property details

Home owned or rented: rented

Landlord’s contact number: 0795 (7) Show answer722 4189

Fenced yard/garden: Yes

Height of fence: (8) Show answer1.5 metres

Previous Ownership

Breed (9) Show answermix / mixed (breed)

Time owned (10) Show answer 6 years

What happened? Died of old age

Click here to read the transcript
SPCA Rep Hello, welcome to the SPCA. Thanks for coming in for the interview. I know it must seem like quite a complicated process, when all you simply want to do is give an unwanted dog a caring home. However, we need to be sure that the people we re-home dogs with are suitable owners. I hope you understand!
Applicant Yes I do, don’t worry it really is no problem.
SPCA Rep Great, well in this interview, we are just going to go over some details relevant to matching you with the right kind of dog and Ill put some details into the computer as we talk. So your name is Helen Morgan?
Applicant Yes, that’s right.
SPCA Rep Okay and today’s date is. (Q1) September 18th, hmm oh no, its the 18th tomorrow, so its the 17th. Now I have all the address details here from when you first arranged the interview, that’s fine. 12 Towley Avenue , Meadow Lea, telephone number 443 5421, no problem with that, and I can see that you don’t have any pets at the moment. Oh, there is no information here about your work schedule. we need to know how long the dog would be likely to be left on its own you see.
Applicant Well, I actually work full-time, but I run my own business from home. I am at home all day most of the week, apart from Wednesdays and Fridays when I work outside from 10.00 to (Q2) 2.30pm
SPCA Rep Okay, well that sounds fine. We don’t normally allow dogs to go to homes where no one would be at home all day every day.
Applicant I understand.
SPCA Rep Now I need to ask you, why you are interested in adopting a dog – I mean, people do for different reasons. Would you say that you want the dog to be a guard dog for protection of your property I mean – or to be a family pet?
Applicant Well, it would be nice to have a dog that can tell us when someone is coming of course! But we don’t want a big dog that would be stereotypical guard dog, it would actually be a (Q3) family pet for myself and my husband, but we do plan to have children in the near future, so it would need to have a temperament that would be good with children.
SPCA Rep Yes, okay. So how many people live in your house?
Applicant Just the (Q4) two of us. Though my brother stays with us for summer holidays when he isn’t at university.
SPCA Rep And do you have children who visit on a regular basis?
Applicant Yes my two nieces, they are (Q5) 3 and 6. They visit most weekends with my sister.
SPCA Rep Okay, and is anyone living in the house allergic to animals?
Applicant My husband is allergic to cats but not dogs!
SPCA Rep So who will be responsible for the daily care of the pet?
Applicant Well my (Q6) husband works from home too, so it would be a joint effort between myself and him.
SPCA Rep Okay. Now, do you rent or own your home?
Applicant Actually we rent, but our landlord, Johnathon, has no problem with us having a dog, we’ve already checked with him and we are going to buy our own house in a few months anyway.
SPCA Rep Well, I hope you don’t mind, but we do need to check everything is okay, ourselves. Could you give me Jonathon’s phone number so we can make a confirmation call?
Applicant Sure, Ill give you his mobile number. Its 0795 (Q7) 722 4189
SPCA Rep ?
Applicant No 4189
SPCA Rep Okay. Now we need to be sure they animal would be safe from roads and traffic. Do you have a fenced yard or garden?
Applicant Yes we do
SPCA Rep And can you give me an idea how tall the fence is? Again it affects the type of dog that would be suitable as so can jump lower fences!
Applicant Actually, my friend adopted a dog last year and she told me that would be one of the questions, so I know exactly! Its (Q8) 1.5 metres tall
SPCA Rep Okay, now I just need to check your previous experience with dogs. Can you tell me if you have ever owned a dog before?
Applicant Yes, I have. We had dogs when I was a child but I have had only one myself as an adult.
SPCA Rep What breed was it?
Applicant It was (Q9) mixed breed actually, a medium sized dog, I would say. He was really friendly.
SPCA Rep Okay, and how long did you have him for?
Applicant 5, no wait a minute, (Q10) 6 years
SPCA Rep Do you mind telling me what happened to it?
Applicant Well, he was rescue dog and wasn’t young when I adopted him, so he died from age-related natural causes.
SPCA Rep Okay, well thanks very much. You are welcome to go and have a look at the dogs that are here at the moment, but it will take 3 or 4 days to confirm approval of your application. Ill telephone you and let you know the outcome as soon as it has been processed.
Applicant Okay, well thanks very much and I look forward to hearing from you


Show All correct answers

Once you have finished, check your answers then move on to Section 2.

Labelling a diagram in the listening test

Labelling a diagram

One of the question types that you may face in the IELTS listening test is when you are required to label a diagram, map or plan. Typically you will be given an illustration with some labels already in place, but others you need to add as you listen to the recording.

One useful hint is that the answers in the listening test always come in order, so in the example below, the first answer you can expect to hear is the answer to question 1, then question 2, then question 3 etc.

It is a good idea to familiarise yourself with the other labels already given, and to think about how the other parts of the diagram, map or plan which you are required to label may be described.

Practice by taking this short example below (this is an extract from a Section 2 IELTS speaking test). Start the recording, then type your answers into the boxes below. Click ‘Check your answers’ to see if you are correct.

labelling a diagram

Click here to check your answers
  1. Water level light
  2. Boiler metre (or Boiler meter)
  3. Steam tap
  4. Drainage pipe


Listening test #1

Free IELTS listening test 4 Section 2

Free IELTS listening test 4 Section 2

Jump back to Section 1 | Jump to Section 3 | Jump to Section 4

Free IELTS listening test 1 Section 4Note: all of the question types, timings and pauses between recordings in this free online IELTS listening test are EXACTLY what you can expect in the IELTS test. Our free online material has been designed to emulate the IELTS test as accurately as possible in every aspect.

Looking for even more listening practice tests? Our online course has over 10 hours of recordings, and your answers are automatically marked and graded by our online system.

We strongly recommend that you do not pause the recording during this practice test – the exact timing you will have in the IELTS test is already built in, so pausing the recording will not give you an accurate idea of your level.

Section 2:

Questions 11-20

Questions 11-15

Complete the sentences below using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS OR A NUMBER.

  1. All the ingredients used in Glengarret whisky are Show answer local
  2. The Gaelic word for whisky means Show answer Water of life
  3. Exports of Scotch grossed Show answer 2.5 billion pounds in 2007.
  4.   Show answerBlended whiskies are the best selling type of whisky.
  5. The Glengarret distillery was first established in Show answer1807.

Questions 16-20

Complete the flowchart below using one of the choices in the table for each answer. Use each choice once only. Write the correct letter A – L in the boxes.



(16) Show answerB (Barley)

(17) Show answerE (Peat)

(18) Show answerD (Grist)

(19) Show answerJ (Stirred)

(20) Show answerI (Matured)



Show All correct answers

Click here to read the transcriptSection 2
Good morning everyone. I would first like to welcome you to the Glengarret distillery, where some of the world’s finest whisky is produced all from (Q11) local ingredients. Later on in the tour there will be a chance to sample some of our range of whiskies, but we’ll begin by looking at the history of our distillery.
For many people, Scotland is perhaps most famous for its whiskies. The word ‘whisky’ actually came from a Gaelic word which, when translated, means (Q12) ‘Water of Life’. A combination of traditional methods and the soft spring water used in the production of traditional Scotch whisky has made it a world favourite; in fact, exports of whisky in 2007 accounted for (Q13) 2.5 billion pounds – that’s nearly 80 pounds a second!  There are two main types of whisky; single malt or blended. Single malt whisky, as the name implies, uses only one type of grain in its production, and is completed as a single process. Blended whisky, on the other hand, can use a variety of different single malt whiskies and combine them. Many people believe the taste of a single malt whisky to be much finer than a blend, despite the fact that more (Q14) blended whisky is sold than single malts.
The first recorded reference to whisky dates as far back as 1494, but since that time many refinements have been made to the process of making whisky. Using the term ‘Scotch’ to refer to whisky has a very specific meaning. It is internationally protected, and only whiskies made in Scotland, using largely local ingredients, can be classified as ‘Scotch’. Despite strict regulations about using the term ‘Scotch whisky’, it is legally acceptable to use barley from any part of the world to create a Scotch whisky, but here at Glengarret we only use local barley. It is more expensive than importing it from other countries, but it gives our product the unique taste for which it is world famous.
This region has been producing whisky since the 1750s, although Glengarret has been operating for just over 200 hundred years, having been started in (Q15) 1807 by three brothers. Apart from the introduction of more modernised equipment, the whisky process here at Glengarret has changed only a little since those times. The company remains small, employing fewer than 25 people, with most of our staff being the third or even fourth generation of their family to work in the distillery.
Now we will move on to how our whiskies are made and where we get our 100% natural ingredients from. I would like to ask you to keep your questions until the end of this part of the tour – there will be plenty of time for questions later on. Now if you’d all like to follow me, we’ll start the tour.
One of the most important ingredients in whisky is barley. The barley being used for the production of whisky is carefully selected as it will largely determine the quality of the whisky when it is ready for sale. The first step towards making the whisky is when the barley is ‘malted’. This process takes a few days, during which time (Q16) the barley is spread out on the malting room floor as you can see here.
After about three days, this is then dried out. The malted barley is laid on racks inside the kiln, a special furnace used for drying, and it is here that a lot of the taste of a whisky is determined. Here at Glengarret, we use (Q17) peat – a type of soil rich in vegetation that gives the whisky a very smoky flavour. The dried malt is then taken to the dressing room, where the pure malt is separated from unwanted material and other debris. From the dressing room, the malt is then sent to the mill to be ground down into a coarse flour called (Q18) grist. The grist is then fed into the mash tun, along with hot water, where it is (Q19) stirred for some hours. This process is repeated three times. The remaining product is then put into wash backs, and yeast is added to start the fermentation process. This is then distilled, before being put into oak casks to (Q20) mature. Some of our older whiskies may take up to 18 years to mature properly.
OK, this is the end of this part of our tour. If anyone has questions, then please….

Now go to Section 3


Labelling a diagram practice exercise

Labelling a diagram practice exercise

In this post, there is a short listening exercise on labelling a diagram. We recommend reading the lesson about labelling a diagram before beginning this exercise.

Listen to the recording and identify the labels for questions 1 to 5.

NOTE: This is not a complete IELTS recording – it is only a short excerpt.

Labelling a diagram practice exercise

1. Show answer


2. Show answer


3. Show answer


4. Show answer


5. Show answer