Category Archives: IELTS Writing Academic (all)

task1-model-answer

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 023

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 23

 

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 23

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The line graph shows carbon emissions from different sources over a number of years.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.


Write at least 150 words.

The graph illustrates 5 sectors responsible for varying levels of emission of carbon dioxide in the UK over a 30 year period.

Of the given sources, industrial combustion and power stations remained the highest throughout the period given, although both declined overall, with power stations falling from a peak of just under 60 million tonnes in 1980 down to just over 40 million tonnes in 2000 and industrial combustion falling from approximately 65 million tonnes down to less than 45 million tonnes.

Both domestic production of carbon dioxide and the category labelled ‘others’ showed relatively little change over the period, beginning and ending at roughly the same level of 35 and 12 million tonnes respectively.

The only source of carbon dioxide to show a marked rise over the period came from transport, nearly doubling from just over 20 million tonnes to nearly 40.

Overall, it is evident from the graph that where some sectors declined, others remained steady and one increased in emissions over the thirty year span.

(168 words)

 

ielts-task-2-writng-model-answer

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 025

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 25

All of the model answers on this site are guaranteed band 9

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Should arts-related entertainment venues such as museums and art galleries be free of charge for the general public, or should a charge apply for admittance?

Discuss this issue, and give your opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

 

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 25

There is a strong argument to be made for charging an entry fee to public venues dedicated to the arts, but there is also a case in favour of making them free, as will now be discussed.

Primarily, the decision to charge for certain forms of entertainment yet offer others without cost to the visitor requires a degree of subjective judgement about their worth. For some, a museum is far more important than a trip to the cinema, yet it could be argued that they are equally deserving forms of artistic entertainment.

In addition, there are far more deserving areas that are in desperate need of funding, such as healthcare. The cultural importance of looking at art simply does not equate with the importance of ensuring that citizens are healthy. In many countries, a visit to a museum is free, yet the cost of a university education is prohibitive.

Yet these points must be balanced with the understanding that unlike other forms of entertainment, the number of people visiting museums who would be willing to pay a significant entry fee is low. Given the choice of a museum trip or surfing the internet, the majority of people in recent generations would likely opt for the latter, meaning that the galleries would be forced to close if they were not funded.

To conclude, although there would be clear benefits to charging a fee for entry to such artistic venues, it is unlikely that one would be levied as this would almost certainly result in their closure. The best course of action at this point would be entry by donation, rather than a fixed fee.

 

(268 words)

task-1-model-answer

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 022

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 22

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 22

 

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The chart shows how people travelled to work in 1996 and 2001 .

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

The chart shows the ways in which people traveled to work in 1996 and 2001 in Grahamston.

In 1996, over half traveled to work in their own vehicle and the second most common method was to be driven as a passenger. The least common form of transport for the first period given was traveling by bicycle. One tenth of people traveled by public transport; just under 10% used ‘other’ forms and around 6% walked to work. 5% required no form of transport to get to work as they worked from home.

There was an increase of just over 10% of those who drove themselves to work by 2001, while the percentage of passengers almost halved. There was a significant decrease in the percentage using public transport, whereas, the figures for those working from home almost doubled. The percentage of people who walked to work fell dramatically while data for those using bicycle or ‘other’ means of transport remained fairly stable.

In both periods given, driving independently to work was by far the most common method of transport.

(177 words)

task-2-model-answer

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 024

 

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 24

All of the model answers on this site are guaranteed band 9

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

In some countries, people who commit less serious crimes are made to undertake community service* instead of a prison sentence. Some people believe that all people who have committed a crime should be sent to prison.

Do you agree or disagree?

*compulsory work helping the community, such as decorating public facilities, which they must carry out in their spare time for a given period.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

 

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 24There are certain situations in which the law has been broken where it is more appropriate to sentence the guilty party to community service rather than time in jail as the following essay explains.

Firstly, the penal system in many countries is under pressure. In many cultures, crime rates are increasing, exacerbating this problem. Funding of correctional institutions is expensive and many believe that money spent would be better utilised in other areas, such as healthcare. It would be unacceptable for some criminals who pose a risk to society, such as murderers, to retain their freedom; however, demands on the prison system can be eased if minor criminals, shoplifters for example, are punished in a different fashion.

Community service is a viable alternative to a prison sentence, not only to ease the financial burden of a country’s crime and punishment system, but also because while offenders are punished by having to sacrifice their free time, they also make a contribution to society. For example, if community service involved renovation of a youth centre in a deprived area, the local people could benefit enormously and costs of providing the facility would be decreased due to the free labour provided by those carrying out community service.

Admittedly, prison sentences for all crimes could reduce the incidence of crime over the long-term; however, many offenders may not be discouraged from breaking the law regardless of potential punishment as they may believe that they will never actually be caught.

To summarise, though prison sentences for all crimes could reduce the number of offences, there are stronger arguments for not imprisoning all offenders.

 

(268 words)

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 21

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 021

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 21

IELTS writing Task 1 table gap fill

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The table below shows information on participation in various leisure activities in the U.K.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

The table shows the percentages of people taking part in 8 different categories of leisure pursuits, in three selected age brackets.

According to the figures, the single most popular leisure activity in the UK is watching television and video, which has a 99% participation rate across all given sections of the population. Visiting friends and relations is almost as popular with 95% or more of all age ranges socializing on a regular basis.

Next, listening to music is most popular with the two younger age groups, at 98% and 93%, while the figure is approximately one third lower for older people, at 65%. In contrast, gardening is more popular with 60-69 year-olds. Almost twice as many older people enjoy gardening compared with 25-29 year-olds at 35%, and even lower for the youngest age range. Finally, it is evident that DIY appeals most to people in their twenties.

Overall, it can be seen that the figures for the most popular activities are fairly similar across the age groups. However, there are considerable differences when looking at the minority interests.

(178 words)

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 21

IELTS writing Task 1 table gap fill

IELTS writing Task 1 table gap fill

Complete the Task 1 report below by using words from the drop down boxes.

IELTS writing Task 1 table gap fillYou should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The table below shows information on participation in various leisure activities in the U.K.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

The tablethe percentages of people taking part incategories of leisure pursuits, in  selected  brackets.

the figures, the single  leisure activity in the UK is watching television and video, which has a 99%across all given sections of the population. Visiting friends and relations is almost  with 95% or more of all age ranges socializing on a regular basis.

Next, listening to music is most popular with the twogroups, at 98% and 93%, while the figure is approximatelylower for older people, at. In contrast, gardening is more popular with 60-69 year-olds. Almostolder people enjoy gardening25-29 year-olds, at and even lower for the youngest age range. Finally, it isthat DIY appeals most to people in their twenties.

Overall, it can be seen that the figures for the most popular activities areacross the age groups. However, there are considerablewhen looking at the minority interests.

 


Show the answers

The table SHOWS  the percentages of people taking part in 8 DIFFERENT categories of leisure pursuits, in THREE selected AGE brackets.

ACCORDING TO the figures, the single MOST POPULAR leisure activity in the UK is watching television and video, which has a 99% PARTICIPATION RATE across all given sections of the population. Visiting friends and relations is almost AS POPULAR with 95% or more of all age ranges socializing on a regular basis.

Next, listening to music is most popular with the two YOUNGER (AGE) groups, at 98% and 93%, while the figure is approximately ONE THIRD lower for older people, at 65%. In contrast, gardening is more popular with 60-69 year-olds. Almost TWICE AS MANY older people enjoy gardening COMPARED WITH 25-29 year-olds, at 35% and even lower for the youngest age range. Finally, it is EVIDENT that DIY appeals most to people in their twenties.

Overall, it can be seen that the figures for the most popular activities are FAIRLY SIMILAR across the age groups. However, there are considerable DIFFERENCES when looking at the minority interests.

Phrases to avoid in Task 2 IELTS writing

Phrases to use and phrases to avoid in Task 2 IELTS writing

 

Phrases to use and phrases to avoid in Task 2 IELTS writing

There are a number of IELTS preparation institutions that will teach you set phrases to use in IELTS writing test. However, it is important to remember that the examiner assessing your work will be able to identify which phrases you have used accurately and in the correct context and which ones are not so good. In this post, we are going to look at some phrases to avoid in Task 2 IELTS writing, as well as some good options.

Phrases to avoid in Task 2 IELTS writingPhrase: In my judgment

Comment: This is a good phrase, although a minor point is that the most academic language avoids personal pronouns. You could rephrase this to. ‘As an overall judgement, it could be said that….‘. Regarding spelling – judgment is US English, judgement is UK English – both are acceptable for IELTS.

Phrase: Every coin has two sides

Comment: We strongly recommend avoiding this. Although it is an English expression, it is now quite old fashioned and the majority of people that use it are English learners. It is not particularly academic and is so overused by candidates in the IELTS test that it will not help your performance. Better would be to use an expression like ‘However, there is an alternate point of view to consider‘.

Phrase: I reckon

Comment: Avoid this – it is too conversational and used only in informal writing and speaking. In addition, try to avoid using personal pronouns (I) wherever possible. Change this to ‘It can perhaps be most strongly supported that

Phrase: As I said before

Comment: Again, this is more used for spoken English or informal writing. Better would be ‘As previously mentioned‘ or to be even more academic, ‘As previously alluded to‘ or ‘As previously referred to‘.

Phrase:  by and large

Comment: This is a good construction for Task 2 (meaning ‘overall’, ‘considering everything’, ‘in general’).

Phrase: there has been heated debate (about something)

Comment:  Be a little careful with this ‘ a ‘heated’ debate is one on which people become emotional, arguing very strongly about a principle they believe in or are against, and the phrase is often overused and mistakenly used for minor issues (eg “there is a heated debate about home cooked food” doesn’t suit as this debate is unlikely to be ‘heated’). If you do use it, make sure that it is something that is truly likely to generate a heated debate – legalising marijuana, for example, or the death penalty.

Phrase: The point I am trying to make is

Comment:  This is not so good. The first issue is the use of ‘I’ – avoid using personal pronouns if possible. The other issue is that ‘trying to make‘ suggests that your point of view has, up to that point, not been very clear. Change this to ‘The relevant point is that‘ or ‘the primary point is that

Phrase: owing to the fact that

Comment: This is a good expression. It shows more flexibility than simply saying ‘because’ and has the added advantage of being 5 words, which will help you reach the 250 word minimum limit.

 

ielts writing model answer 23

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 023

 

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 23

All of the model answers on this site are guaranteed band 9

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Traffic congestion in major cities is an increasing problem, yet there is an environmental impact to be considered when building new roads.

What can be done about this problem?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

 

ielts writing model answer 23It is a well-known fact that of all the animal species on earth, humans are the most inconsiderate. Traffic pollution is getting worse, yet simply creating more roads, while being technically possible, has even more of a negative effect on the land, therefore other possibilities need to be considered.

One of the more obvious solutions to the problem would be to improve public transport and raise the expense of driving our own cars. Either by control or by funding, local governments could ensure that public transport becomes the most economical method of commuting to work. In one European country, local governments have pursued this scheme and the results have been so successful that they have actually reduced the number of roads into the city.

Another potential solution is to encourage working from home. The technology is readily available for most of us to do so, and is likely to be popular with a high percentage of employees. The introduction of more flexible working hours is also a possibility that, although not actually leading to fewer cars on the road, would help congestion problems.

In many countries, local transport authorities have erected signs that provide information about road conditions, giving drivers the opportunity to find less congested routes to their destination. This system could be improved by more advanced technology in cars themselves.

Regardless of the final solution, it is becoming increasingly clear that traffic pollution is not simply a local issue but a global one, and unless alternative strategies are put into effect soon the damage may be irreversible.

(259 words)

JP-ROBOT-1-articleLarge

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 022

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 22

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:

Advances in technology and automation have reduced the need for manual labour. Therefore working hours should be reduced.

To what extent do you agree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

 

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 22In many production-oriented factories, machinery has evolved to such a degree that the demand for physical labour has considerably reduced, leading to the suggestion of a reduced working week. However, there are several factors that need to be considered.

 

Primarily, the long-term impact of shorter working weeks needs to be considered. Although less time at work may sound appealing, the reality is that people may find that they have too much free time. Fewer working hours would presumably mean less income, so a situation arises where employees have more leisure time than their income can support. This has the potential to result in feelings of boredom, frustration or anxiety, all of which have possible side-effects for society as a whole.

 

Connected with this comes the social factor of self-esteem. Being made redundant can have a negative impact on many people, especially if the position is replaced with a robot. To illustrate, a staff member employed for cleaning purposes who is then replaced by an automatic cleaning system is unlikely to feel positive about their own sense of worth.

 

A solution that would benefit all those concerned would be to utilize the time no longer required for manual labour for something more productive. Instead of simply reducing the working week, a combination of industry and government support could allow for employees to receive further education and training, such as management skills or personal development courses.

 

Even automated factories still require technicians, mechanics and designers to maintain and improve production.

 

To summarise, until such time as automation has reduced the working week for all types of employee, it would perhaps be counter-productive to reduce the working week of those involved in manual labour without providing an alternative simply because they are replaceable.

 

(260 words)

Guns2

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 021

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 21

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 21You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:

Individuals should not be allowed to carry guns.

Do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

There are some who hold the opinion that gun ownership should be restricted, as it is in many countries, and that people in general should not be permitted to keep them. This is an opinion which can strongly be supported as will now be discussed.

A major reason why governments should not allow people to have guns is because of the potential for accidents. In America, for example, it is legal to shoot another person if they are found in a private home committing a crime, but this can lead to people dying over cases of mistaken identity. In addition, there are crimes where people act rashly or in anger, so guns that were intended for defence are often used aggressively.

There is also the intentional damage caused by guns. It is statistically evident that the number of gun-related crimes is higher in countries where firearm ownership is legal. Countries like America, for instance, suffer from disproportionately high number of fatal shootings in comparison with most other countries.

Some people, however, argue that shooting is a sport, thus being prevented from owning their own firearm is both unjust and a violation of their rights. Yet this must be balanced with the overwhelming number of people who use these guns for criminal purposes.

To sum up, it is clear that the proliferation of guns leads to injury and death both intentionally and unintentionally. Although there are points to support gun ownership, they are weak in comparison to the rising tide of gun crime, a situation which will only continue to worsen under current laws.

(263 words)