Category Archives: IELTS Writing Academic (all)

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 035

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 35

All of the model answers on this site are guaranteed band 9

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

The difference between popular culture and more traditional culture is vast.

Discuss.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 35The modern and the traditional are often seen, if not as exact opposites, then at least as areas of contrast, and many people hold this to be true of culture. Although there are clear points to support this opinion, there are also a significant number of points that argue against it, as will now be discussed.

The culture of today revolves heavily around changes in technology. Mobile phones, for instance, have become an almost essential part of younger people’s lives, and in this regard it can be said to be an example of the difference. Yet under the surface, it can be seen that this modern trend is actually little more than another method of communication, albeit less personal than speaking face-to-face. In a similar way,  home computers and the Internet, a clear part of modern culture, can be considered to be simply an extension of reading. Using a monitor and mouse rather than a book does not make the two incompatible.

There are some who claim technology is making people less sociable, that culturally communities are isolating themselves with modern appliances. Yet it must be understood that the world can now be seen as a global village, a world wide web which allows people to interact globally.

In conclusion, it is not that the cultures of the past and today are so different, it is simply the methods used to express those cultures which have changed. A culture should flexible, adapting itself to each new generation; if not, then its worth is limited only to historians.

(258 words)

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 034

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 34

All of the model answers on this site are guaranteed band 9

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

It is the responsibility of governments to ensure that environmentally friendly policies are adopted.

To what extent do you agree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 34
The general public has become increasingly aware of environmental issues, and this has led to a demand from some that the government become more involved. Indeed, it could be argued that green issues have been excessively debated. While concern for the environment is very important, a more relaxed approach to problems may have better results.

One significant way in which environmentally sound policies could be followed is by a better standard of education about the issues in question. Granted, this approach may take a degree of organising, yet educating not just children but whole communities would perhaps be more of an incentive than simply passing new laws.

Naturally some people would argue that without passing laws which are enforceable, people would not actively become involved in more environmental approaches. This is true to a point although as people often act only in self-interest; however, through education people will be able to understand that environmental protection is in their own long-term interest.

Balancing this, there is a point beyond which even dedicated communities cannot lead to a better environment, such as in the field of industry. It on this scale government should be legislating, making it financially worthwhile for industry to operate as cleanly as possible or be faced with stiff penalties.

To summarise, the government should use its authority to govern industrial pollution but should at the same time encourage a better standard of education. By having an industrial and community plan, it would be considerably easier to embrace more environmentally sound policies.

(253 words)

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 033

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 33

All of the model answers on this site are guaranteed band 9

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Modern appliances in the home have become more common, leaving no doubt that advances in technology have improved our lifestyle.

Do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 33The impact of innovations and inventions in people’s daily lives has increased dramatically. Most homes these days have, at the very least, a washing machine and a microwave, yet this has had both positive and negative effects, as will now be presented.

Primarily, the fact that these appliances have to be paid for, serviced, repaired and replaced means that consumers need to work to maintain this cycle. For example, in some countries the average machine is two or three weeks’ wages for most people. Considering the product’s life span, it can be estimated that many people are working at least two or three days a year simply to cover the cost of the appliance, a calculation which is multiplied by all the appliances we acquire.

In addition, an increasing number of appliances are for purposes that were not previously considered necessities, but through marketing techniques, manipulative advertising and human nature many are now keen to acquire them. Electric juice makers are a perfect example.

Of course, there are appliances which in their basic format have improved our lifestyle simply because of the labour they save. The machine, which saves hours every week on handwashing, is an example of this. It is only when such appliances develop functions beyond their basic use, that they become more expensive but more desirable because of the addition of these extra options that most people never use.

It can therefore be concluded that only by carefully considering the use and relevance of the appliances purchased that they can improve a person’s general lifestyle.

(258 words)

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 028

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 28

 

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The table below shows the attitudes to recycling of people in different age groups.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.
IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 28

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.


The table gives opinions on recycling in percentages of people in six different age categories.

At less than 10 per cent, those under 15 and over 71 represent the lowest percentage of people that actively recycle. This figure increased over five-fold to 59 per cent for those aged 15 to 25. The remaining age categories varied between just under half to over one-third of people.

The under 15s represent the largest per cent of people who do not know about recycling. The lowest percentage was those aged 26 to 40, although this figure doubled to eight per cent for those just under this age. Slightly more than a quarter of those aged 56 to 70 knew nothing about recycling, a figure which is four times higher than those aged 41 to 55.

One-fifth of people aged 41 to 55 opted not to give their opinions on recycling, with those under 15 just one per cent behind. The remaining four age groups in this category were within a four per cent range.

(167 words)

Comparison and contrast in Task 2

Comparison and contrast in Task 2

Comparison and contrast in Task 2

To present your ideas and opinions clearly, it is important to know how to accurately use comparison and contrast in Task 2 of the IELTS writing test. Here are some the words that you can use:

Comparison and contrast in Task 2

  • while
  • as opposed to
  • however
  • likewise
  • equally
  • in contrast to
  • in the same way
  • in a similar way
  • as well as
  • like the…
  • as …as …
  • similarly
  • whereas
  • by contrast
  • although
  • instead

Practice your understanding of these words by deciding whether the statements that follow are TRUE or FALSE according to the text below.

Read the passage below. Are the statements that follow true or false? They are not in order.

Although they are both highly respected institutions, there are many factors to be considered when comparing the Louvre and the Guggenheim.

The most important factor is the quality of their displays. The Guggenheim is excellently organized and offers fine examples of most forms of art, including traditional, modern and impressionist. The Louvre, on the other hand, lacks this variety of art forms, concentrating more on the traditional.

As regards location, both museums are well situated with convenient access for the public, although they are both a little expensive to visit. The Louvre, however, is a piece of architectural history in itself, whereas the Guggenheim is far more of a modern building with no real sense of history.

Both The Louvre and The Guggenheim have something to offer the art lover.

    Show answer TRUE

 

Just as the Guggenheim museum displays impressionist works, so too does the Louvre.

    Show answer FALSE

 

Neither The Louvre nor the Guggenheim is cheap to visit.

    Show answer TRUE

 

Compared to the Louvre, The Guggenheim concentrates more on traditional art forms.

    Show answer FALSE

 

The Louvre and the Guggenheim are similar in that they are both well situated.

    Show answer TRUE

 

The Louvre is similar to The Guggenheim in that it has good public access.

    Show answer TRUE

 

The Guggenheim and the Louvre are equally respected.

    Show answer TRUE

 

The Guggenheim is an historic building, whereas the Louvre is relatively modern.

    Show answer FALSE

 

Contrast can also be shown by using specific verbs, adjectives and nouns. Use the table below as a guide (note how the word family changes depending on the word type).

Verbs: Adjectives: Nouns:
Compare to / with Compared to / with In comparison to / with
Contrast with Contrasting In contrast to
Differ from / differentiate between Different from Difference between
Distinguish between Distinct from Distinction between
Resemble Similar to Resemblance to / with
Vary from / between Variable Variation between

IMPORTANT NOTE: Be careful with the use of comparing and compared

Compared to the Guggenheim, the Louvre has a long history.

BUT

Comparing the Louvre and the Guggenheim, the former has a longer history.

More examples

Here are some more examples of comparison and contrast that you could to express comparison and contrast:

While both opera and ballet are considered to represent the finer end of the arts, the former involves more vocal musical content.

DVDs are a highly flexible, user-directed form of entertainment, whereas the cinema is considerably more rigid in its presentation.

Radio plays allow the listener to use their imagination, picturing the scenes and characters involved. By contrast, the theatre presents both characters and scenery.

E-mails are a common form of communication both personally and in business, in the same way as letters were some 20 years ago.

Museums, as opposed to theme parks and other such activities, can offer visitors far more of a cultural experience.

Traditional dances from my country, in the same way as the haka here in New Zealand, are something most people enjoy watching but can’t actually perform.

One of the more obvious changes in communication over the last 20 years is that people are using telephone booths less and less, opting instead for mobile phones.

Prepositions in Task 1 graphs

 

Prepositions in Task 1 graphs (Academic Module)

In the majority of Task 1 questions for the Academic Module, you will need to describe data using the correct prepositions. However, prepositions in Task 1 graphs can be quite tricky!

NOTE: this lesson only applies to the ACADEMIC MODULE, not the General Training Module.

In Task 1, you will need to be able to describe data using appropriate  prepositions. Here are some of the most common prepositions used when describing data:

FROM / TO / IN  / AT  / ON / BY / OVER / UNDER / WITHIN

Prepositions in Task 1 graphs

Let’s look at the each one for meaning as it is most commonly used in Task 1. For more on prepositions in general situations (not necessarily Task 1) take a look at the grammar section.

FROM: this is the beginning point of a trend. Often this is a point in time such as a year or month.

Sales increased from September.

TO: this is the end point of trend. Again, this is often a point in time such as a year or month.

Sales increased from September to November.

IN: this refers to a specific point in time.

Sales fell in December.

AT: this often refers to a specific time (not necessarily a beginning or end). It is also used to describe a specific amount,

There was a peak at 3am. / In 2012, sales peaked at $4000.

ON: this refers to a specific day or date.

The largest number of visitors was on Monday.

BY: in Task 1 IELTS, this is often to describe an amount of change between two different periods.

From 2013 to 2014, sales fell by 20%

OVER: this is used for something happening continuously in a longer period of time rather than a specific time. There is little difference here between OVER and DURING, except that OVER refers to the entire period, whereas one might use “during the weekend” to DURING refers more to one particular moment, not necessarily the whole period.

Over the next year, sales fell to their lowest level.

UNDER: this is used to talk about amounts that were less than something.

Over 2011, sales remained under $20,000 per month.

WITHIN: this is used to talk about something that has been completed before the end of a given time.

Sales rose to $100,000 but had fallen to $50,000 within two weeks. [meaning the fall took less than two weeks]

Test your skills by completing the description below using the correct preposition. THERE IS NO GRAPH FOR THIS EXERCISE!

(1)StartingJanuary, ABC’s production costs stood (2)$20 000. (3)the same time, net profits were $25 000 higher, (4)$45 000. (5)March, profits had risen (6)just over $120,000, the difference between cost and profits now being slightly above $45 000. However, costs increased (7)$10 000 a month over the following three months whereas profits decreased gradually (8)$11 000 over the quarter. (9)July, this had resulted in only a $5000 difference between cost and profit.

However, (10)three months this trend had reversed, with production costs falling back (11)$45 000 . Profits steadily increased to meet the March level (12)October. An extreme slump (13)the next month brought profit down to $75 000, a figure which remained until the end of the year. This was accompanied by an accelerating rise in production costs (14)October (15)December, finishing the year (16)just under $60 000.

 

Click here to read the answers

Answers:

  1. IN
  2. AT
  3. AT
  4. AT
  5. BY
  6. TO
  7. BY
  8. TO
  9. BY
  10. WITHIN
  11. TO
  12. IN
  13. OVER
  14. FROM
  15. TO
  16. AT

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 027

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 27

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

 

The chart shows days taken off work due to stress related illnesses by job for men and women.

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 27

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.


Comparing four different occupations in 1998, the chart illustrates the impact of illness due to stress and its correlation to days absent from work for both sexes.

The most obvious point is that men rated higher than women across the chart. The most striking difference came from fire fighters, where men took more than three times as many days off, averaging 14 days in the year compared with 4 days for women. A similar trend can be observed with police officers, with men being absent for nearly twice the number of days.

The result for factory workers and teachers is not so pointed, but women still took fewer days off. For both occupations, the difference between the sexes was only one day a year, with only one day a year for women in factory positions, rising to three for teachers. Men were absent for two days and four days in the same industries.

Overall, it can be seen that men take more time off work than women for stress related concerns.

(171 words)

Facts about the IELTS writing test

Facts about the IELTS writing test

Facts about the IELTS writing testHere’s a collection of some of the most common questions we are asked about the IELTS writing test. If your have a question that isn’t answered here, post it in the comments section at the bottom of the page and we’ll add it to the page with an answer.

Q: Do I write in pen or pencil during the test?

Most exam centres now only allow candidates to write with a pencil.

Q: Can I bring my own writing equipment?

No – you will not be allowed into the test room with your own pen, pencil or eraser.

Q: What should I do if I make a mistake?

Just put a single line through the word or words you want to remove and then continue writing. Don’t waste time with trying to erase anything.

Q: What does the IELTS writing answer sheet look like?

Click a thumbnail below to see a larger image of the writing test answer pages (note that these pages are white, but recent changes in the test mean that you could also have yellow, blue or green pages).

Q: What if I need more paper?

No problem – simply raise your hand until the invigilator approaches, then request more paper. There is no limit to the amount of paper you request, but ALL pages will be collected at the end of the test, even if they were only used for making notes (see below).

Q: Can I get any paper for writing notes / preparing a plan?

Yes, but all the paper you are given is collected and given to the examiner when they are marking your work. We recommend writing your plan or making any notes on the question paper, not the answer sheet. Although the question paper is also collected at the end of the test, it is not submitted to the examiner.

Q: So what counts as a ‘word’ in the writing test?

Take a look at this page: http://ieltsforfree.com/word-count-ielts-writing/

Q: My handwriting is not very good. Will I lose points?

Your writing would have to illegible (can’t be read) before you lose points, but if you are concerned then get in the habit of writing in print (single letters) instead of cursive (joined letters).

Q: Can I write all of my test in CAPITAL LETTERS?

Surprisingly, yes! We recommend it as it avoids you needing to worry about capitalisation of particular words. For confirmation of this, take a look at the official IELTS website here: http://takeielts.britishcouncil.org/prepare-your-test/test-day-advice/writing-test-advice

Got a question we haven’t answered? Post it below!

Reading graphs in IELTS Task 1

Reading graphs in IELTS Task 1

NOTE: This lesson is for the ACADEMIC module only.

To get a good result in your Academic Task 1 IELTS writing test, it is essential that you clearly understand what the data you are writing about refers to. Misunderstanding the graph can cost points, so practice with this exercise.

Look at the four charts below. What do the numbers that follow represent? NB The numbers are approximate values. NOTE: Click or tap a graph for a larger picture

Example:   62          The percentage of Indian residents in New Zealand in 2001 that speak their native language.

80           
Show answer The percentage of Korean residents in New Zealand in 2001 that speak their native language

120         
Show answer The number of people in thousands with no educational qualifications that are somewhat interested in buying books by New Zealand authors

2,300      
Show answerHousehold spending in millions of NZ dollars on cultural goods and services in the year 1998

38           
Show answer The percentage of people aged 65 and over that visited museums or art galleries in the previous 12 months

220         
Show answer The number of people in thousands with tertiary educational qualifications that are very interested in buying books by New Zealand authors

54           
Show answer The percentage of people aged between 35 and 44 who visited museums or art galleries in the previous 12 months

4,850      
Show answerHousehold spending in millions of NZ dollars on mortgage repayments in 1998

72           
Show answer The percentage of Chinese residents in New Zealand in 2001 that speak English

Show All correct answers

Supporting and opposing the topic in Task 2

Supporting and opposing the topic in Task 2

With many IELTS Task 2 writing topics, you are asked to give your opinion on a subject. A common mistake that IELTS candidates make in this situation is to focus purely on one side of the argument without thinking about the opposite point of view.

So what’s the best approach?

We recommend the ‘2 points / 1 point’ approach with essays that require you to present an opinion. That means that you should consider the essay as having three body paragraphs – the first 2 body paragraphs supporting one side, and the third body paragraph supporting an opposing point of view.

To illustrate, imagine this Task 2 title: Private vehicles should not be allowed in city areas. Do you agree or disagree?

This is one possible response – note that the first two body paragraphs disagree while the third body paragraph agrees.

Supporting and opposing the topic in Task 2

 

 Why present the opposing point of view at all?

Remember that the IELTS test is assessing your ability to write in a formal manner, and focusing 100% on only one side does not present a well considered or balanced essay. By showing a conflicting point of view, you get to show the examiner that your English has sufficient flexibility and vocabulary to write a well rounded task.

The third body paragraph – the concession

This is possibly the most important paragraphs as you need to show that you have the flexibility to consider the opposing point of view, but at the same time you don’t want your argument to be unclear by disagreeing and then agreeing. That is why it is called the ‘concession’ paragraph – you are admitting that there may be another point of view, but that this point of view has weaknesses.

In the example above, the concession paragraph states that preventing private vehicles from entering city areas would help reduce problems for pedestrians, but then identifies the weakness of this argument by stating that this does not necessarily require a complete ban on vehicles.

Some useful language for the concession paragraph

Part of getting a good result result for cohesion and coherence (one of the four elements your work is assessed by) is to make sure the reader can clearly follow the flow of your writing.

That means for the concession paragraph, you need to clearly indicate that you are now presenting an alternative point of view.

Here is some useful language for presenting a concession:

  • ‘However, it could also be argued that….’
  • ‘On the other hand, there is a school of thought that argues that…’
  • ‘Admittedly, there is a case to be made for…’
  • ‘Granted, it must be taken into account that…’
  • ‘Yet there is an alternate point of view that suggests…’