Category Archives: IELTS Writing General Training (all)

ielts-task-2-writng-model-answer

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 025

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 25

All of the model answers on this site are guaranteed band 9

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Should arts-related entertainment venues such as museums and art galleries be free of charge for the general public, or should a charge apply for admittance?

Discuss this issue, and give your opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

 

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 25

There is a strong argument to be made for charging an entry fee to public venues dedicated to the arts, but there is also a case in favour of making them free, as will now be discussed.


Primarily, the decision to charge for certain forms of entertainment yet offer others without cost to the visitor requires a degree of subjective judgement about their worth. For some, a museum is far more important than a trip to the cinema, yet it could be argued that they are equally deserving forms of artistic entertainment.

In addition, there are far more deserving areas that are in desperate need of funding, such as healthcare. The cultural importance of looking at art simply does not equate with the importance of ensuring that citizens are healthy. In many countries, a visit to a museum is free, yet the cost of a university education is prohibitive.

Yet these points must be balanced with the understanding that unlike other forms of entertainment, the number of people visiting museums who would be willing to pay a significant entry fee is low. Given the choice of a museum trip or surfing the internet, the majority of people in recent generations would likely opt for the latter, meaning that the galleries would be forced to close if they were not funded.

To conclude, although there would be clear benefits to charging a fee for entry to such artistic venues, it is unlikely that one would be levied as this would almost certainly result in their closure. The best course of action at this point would be entry by donation, rather than a fixed fee.

 

(268 words)

task-1-model-answer

IELTS General Training Task 1 Writing model answer 019

IELTS General Training Task 1 Writing model answer 19

IELTS General Training Task 1 Writing model answer 19You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

A family member is coming to stay with you. He/she will be arriving by train in the morning, but you won’t be home until the evening.

Write a letter to your relative. In your letter:

  • explain arrangements you have made for them to have keys and get into the house
  • tell your relative how to get from the train station to your house
  • say when you will be home and suggest what you could do together that evening

You do NOT need to write any addresses.

Begin your letter as follows:

Dear…

Write at least 150 words.


Dear Uncle John,

I am so excited that you’ll soon be here! I’m sorry that I won’t be there to meet you at the station – I have a work meeting I really have to go to but I’ve left the keys with David. Just go and see him so you can let yourself in. I’m sure you remember, but he’s the man living at number 21. Make yourself at home – there will be food in the fridge and your bed will be made.

The easiest way to get to the house is to jump in a taxi –it’s not expensive and the buses are so unreliable! I was thinking that when I get back we could perhaps go out for dinner? I’ll be back no later than six, so we could go to that restaurant we went to last time you came.

Well, I think that’s everything. It’s going to be great catching up!

Safe trip,

Patrick

 

(155 words)

 

 

 

task-2-model-answer

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 024

 

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 24

All of the model answers on this site are guaranteed band 9

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

In some countries, people who commit less serious crimes are made to undertake community service* instead of a prison sentence. Some people believe that all people who have committed a crime should be sent to prison.

Do you agree or disagree?

*compulsory work helping the community, such as decorating public facilities, which they must carry out in their spare time for a given period.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

 

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 24There are certain situations in which the law has been broken where it is more appropriate to sentence the guilty party to community service rather than time in jail as the following essay explains.

Firstly, the penal system in many countries is under pressure. In many cultures, crime rates are increasing, exacerbating this problem. Funding of correctional institutions is expensive and many believe that money spent would be better utilised in other areas, such as healthcare. It would be unacceptable for some criminals who pose a risk to society, such as murderers, to retain their freedom; however, demands on the prison system can be eased if minor criminals, shoplifters for example, are punished in a different fashion.

Community service is a viable alternative to a prison sentence, not only to ease the financial burden of a country’s crime and punishment system, but also because while offenders are punished by having to sacrifice their free time, they also make a contribution to society. For example, if community service involved renovation of a youth centre in a deprived area, the local people could benefit enormously and costs of providing the facility would be decreased due to the free labour provided by those carrying out community service.

Admittedly, prison sentences for all crimes could reduce the incidence of crime over the long-term; however, many offenders may not be discouraged from breaking the law regardless of potential punishment as they may believe that they will never actually be caught.

To summarise, though prison sentences for all crimes could reduce the number of offences, there are stronger arguments for not imprisoning all offenders.

 

(268 words)

ielts writing model answer 23

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 023

 

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 23

All of the model answers on this site are guaranteed band 9

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Traffic congestion in major cities is an increasing problem, yet there is an environmental impact to be considered when building new roads.

What can be done about this problem?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

 

ielts writing model answer 23It is a well-known fact that of all the animal species on earth, humans are the most inconsiderate. Traffic pollution is getting worse, yet simply creating more roads, while being technically possible, has even more of a negative effect on the land, therefore other possibilities need to be considered.

One of the more obvious solutions to the problem would be to improve public transport and raise the expense of driving our own cars. Either by control or by funding, local governments could ensure that public transport becomes the most economical method of commuting to work. In one European country, local governments have pursued this scheme and the results have been so successful that they have actually reduced the number of roads into the city.

Another potential solution is to encourage working from home. The technology is readily available for most of us to do so, and is likely to be popular with a high percentage of employees. The introduction of more flexible working hours is also a possibility that, although not actually leading to fewer cars on the road, would help congestion problems.

In many countries, local transport authorities have erected signs that provide information about road conditions, giving drivers the opportunity to find less congested routes to their destination. This system could be improved by more advanced technology in cars themselves.

Regardless of the final solution, it is becoming increasingly clear that traffic pollution is not simply a local issue but a global one, and unless alternative strategies are put into effect soon the damage may be irreversible.

(259 words)

JP-ROBOT-1-articleLarge

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 022

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 22

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:

Advances in technology and automation have reduced the need for manual labour. Therefore working hours should be reduced.

To what extent do you agree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

 

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 22In many production-oriented factories, machinery has evolved to such a degree that the demand for physical labour has considerably reduced, leading to the suggestion of a reduced working week. However, there are several factors that need to be considered.

 

Primarily, the long-term impact of shorter working weeks needs to be considered. Although less time at work may sound appealing, the reality is that people may find that they have too much free time. Fewer working hours would presumably mean less income, so a situation arises where employees have more leisure time than their income can support. This has the potential to result in feelings of boredom, frustration or anxiety, all of which have possible side-effects for society as a whole.

 

Connected with this comes the social factor of self-esteem. Being made redundant can have a negative impact on many people, especially if the position is replaced with a robot. To illustrate, a staff member employed for cleaning purposes who is then replaced by an automatic cleaning system is unlikely to feel positive about their own sense of worth.

 

A solution that would benefit all those concerned would be to utilize the time no longer required for manual labour for something more productive. Instead of simply reducing the working week, a combination of industry and government support could allow for employees to receive further education and training, such as management skills or personal development courses.

 

Even automated factories still require technicians, mechanics and designers to maintain and improve production.

 

To summarise, until such time as automation has reduced the working week for all types of employee, it would perhaps be counter-productive to reduce the working week of those involved in manual labour without providing an alternative simply because they are replaceable.

 

(260 words)

Guns2

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 021

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 21

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 21You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:

Individuals should not be allowed to carry guns.

Do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

There are some who hold the opinion that gun ownership should be restricted, as it is in many countries, and that people in general should not be permitted to keep them. This is an opinion which can strongly be supported as will now be discussed.

A major reason why governments should not allow people to have guns is because of the potential for accidents. In America, for example, it is legal to shoot another person if they are found in a private home committing a crime, but this can lead to people dying over cases of mistaken identity. In addition, there are crimes where people act rashly or in anger, so guns that were intended for defence are often used aggressively.

There is also the intentional damage caused by guns. It is statistically evident that the number of gun-related crimes is higher in countries where firearm ownership is legal. Countries like America, for instance, suffer from disproportionately high number of fatal shootings in comparison with most other countries.

Some people, however, argue that shooting is a sport, thus being prevented from owning their own firearm is both unjust and a violation of their rights. Yet this must be balanced with the overwhelming number of people who use these guns for criminal purposes.

To sum up, it is clear that the proliferation of guns leads to injury and death both intentionally and unintentionally. Although there are points to support gun ownership, they are weak in comparison to the rising tide of gun crime, a situation which will only continue to worsen under current laws.

(263 words)

ielts writing model answer 20

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 020

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 20

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 20As we move into the digital age, books and newspapers are becoming less important. Within the next 20 years, computers will have entirely replaced any other such form of media.

To what extent do you agree with the above?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

There is little doubt that computers and the internet have had an effect on more traditional forms of media, but it is unlikely that these more contemporary options will by the only choice available by the end of the next two decades.

Consider, for example, the impact that television had in the 1900s, and the fears that this would lead to the end of more traditional pastimes like reading, Yet books remain popular across all generations. For many employees, computers have become part of their working day, and as such they are not as keen to use them at home as well. Packing for a holiday, sitting by the bed, in the garden on a summer’s day – these are all situations where books have remained, and almost certainly will remain, the media of choice. Even amongst the young, there has been resurgence of interest in reading, as the Harry Potter phenomenon illustrated.

The future for newspapers, however, is less clear. Certainly there is something of a ritual about collecting and reading the morning paper, be it over breakfast or on the way to work, but there is a clear possibility that the internet, which offers the most up-t-date news, the clearest pictures and the widest coverage, will soon replace this.

To summarise, therefore, while there have been rapid developments in the field of computing, it is arguable that the technology of the future and the media of the past are not mutually exclusive but complement each other, although this is perhaps stronger for books than it is for newspaper.

(260 words)

Business casual

Avoiding pronouns in Task 2 writing

Avoiding pronouns in Task 2 writing

Avoiding pronouns in Task 2 writingAs you probably know, it is important to write formally in Task 2, using an academic writing style (even in the General Training module). We have looked at some aspects of this in previous posts (such as using the correct register and writing more academically) but in this post we are focusing on avoiding using pronouns too often in the writing test.

So what are pronouns?

For this post, these are the pronouns that are not considered particularly academic.

  • Personal pronouns: I / you / we
  • Possessive pronouns: my / mine / his / her / hers

Although the sentence may be grammatically correct using pronouns, it is important to remember that you should aim for a formal, academic style, and that means finding alternatives to being too informal.

Personal pronouns in the introduction

It is very common to see pronouns being used in the introductory paragraph. For example:

‘There are strong arguments to be made in support of the complete ban on smoking in all areas, as I will now explain’.

In this example, and in most uses of the personal pronoun in the introduction, this can be solved by simply replacing that section of the sentence with a passive construction. For example:

‘There are strong arguments to be made in support of the complete ban on smoking in all areas, as will now be explained’.

Personal pronouns when expressing a point of view

Over the years that we have helped people achieve their IELTS goals, this is an error we have seen many times. Here are some examples:

‘I think that the government should support students rather than requiring them to apply for loans.’

‘To a large extent, I am in favour of the statement that zoos should be abolished.

Although these sentences are grammatically correct, it would be more academic to present your Task 2 opinions from a more ‘detached’ perspective. For example:

‘It would perhaps be more effective if the government supported students rather than requiring them to apply for loans.’

‘To a large extent, there is a strong argument to be made supporting the statement that zoos should be abolished.

Personal pronouns when giving examples

It is very important to support your argument with examples, but again this is a common area where more informal pronouns can slip in. For example:

This could be achieved by providing not only a better salary but also some additional incentives. For example, my friend is a nurse, and she feels that longer holidays are just as important as the money because it helps her reduce stress.

This would have been much better phrased using a different structure. As a general guide, if you are using a pronoun to give an example, then rephrase it to a more general subject. In the example above, the writer could have avoided referring to a friend but focus more generally on nurses. To illustrate:

This could be achieved by providing not only a better salary but also some additional incentives. Nurses, for example, often state that longer holidays are just as important as the money as it provides an opportunity to reduce stress.

Personal pronouns in the conclusion

As you know a conclusion in Task 2 should summarise the main arguments of the essay (and ideally include a recommendation or speculation). However, be careful of using personal pronouns here too. For example:

As we can see the subject of school uniforms remains a subjective issue.

To conclude, we should be investigating mthods in which we can cause less damage to our environment.

Once again, these sentences could have been better phrased using the passive voice:

As can be seen, the subject of school uniforms remains a subjective issue.

To conclude,  methods should be investigated which would cause less damage to the environment.

 

 

ielts-writng-model-answer

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 019

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 19

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:

Visa applications should be relaxed for people who want to study in another country.

Do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 19For many people interested in studying abroad, one of the first problems they face is obtaining a visa to enter the country and, in many situations, the procedure is time-consuming and frustrating. As a result, there is a clear case for making visa applications less stringent. However, there is also a potential for abuse of the system if made more lenient, and both of these options need to be considered.

In support of simplifying the visa application procedure, it must be remembered that obtaining a visa is one of the first steps towards studying in a foreign country. If this process is difficult then it can reflect poorly on the country the student is intending to go to. Moreover, once in the country, students often find it is less problematic to use the services of an immigration agent, to whom they surrender their passports and pay sometimes phenomenal sums of money. In the same way, this again reflects poorly on the host country.

Yet there is a point of view that suggests visa regulations should remain as they are, or even become stricter. It is inevitable that once a developed country opens it door to students, there will be some who will exploit the opportunity without any intention of fulfilling the study requirements of their visa.

To conclude, perhaps the best solution would be to allow the schools, colleges and universities that attract international students to have greater control over those students that arrive in the country. This would allow the institutions themselves to police the students while being overseen by the Immigration Services itself.

(265 words)

cause-effect-ielts

Cause and effect sentences

Cause and effect

Cause and effect sentences

In the IELTS writing test, thinking of cause and effect allows you to extend your ideas and justify your opinions.
Using a range of connectors will also make your essay more academic.

‘Further education has become more accessible for a wider range of people. As a result, an increasing number of people have degrees.’

Read the sentence above and answer the questions below.

  1. Why do more people have degrees?
  2. What has happened because of the increasing accessibility of further education?
  3. What words connect the answers to (1) and (2)?
Show answerAnswer #1: This is because further education has become more accessible.
Answer #2: More people have degrees.
Answer #3: ‘as a result’

 

In the sentence above, the sentences can be broken down into cause, effect and connector.

The cause: Further education has become more accessible for a wider range of people

The effect: …an increasing number of people have degrees

The connector: As a result

Test your ability to identify the sections of a cause and effect sentence for each of the following statements. You need to consider:

  • What is the cause?
  • What is the effect?
  • What is the connector?

A Due to an obligatory level of education, illiteracy in many countries is low.

Show answerCause: an obligatory level of education
Effect: illiteracy in many countries is low
Connector: due to

 

B Understanding the applications of technology has become increasingly difficult. Consequently, university courses are becoming increasingly specialised.

Show answerCause: Understanding the applications of technology has become increasingly difficult
Effect: university courses are becoming increasingly specialised
Connector: consequently

 

C Many overseas students find the first year of university courses difficult because of the language barrier.

Show answerCause: the language barrier
Effect: many overseas students find the first year of university courses difficult
Connector: because of

 

D He did not get the required grade in his IELTS test and thus the university he had applied for rejected his application.

Show answerCause: He did not get the required grade in his IELTS test
Effect: the university he had applied for rejected his application
Connector: thus

 

E Teaching as a profession is not as prestigious as it was 50 years ago, in part a result of increasing problems in the education system.

Show answerCause: increasing problems in the education system
Effect: Teaching as a profession is not as prestigious as it was 50 years ago
Connector: a result of

 

Tip 1: The order of cause and effect or effect and cause depends on the type of connector you use. Make sure you are familiar with the different types as mistakes can make your point very unclear. For example:

Further education has become more accessible for a wider range of people. As a result, an increasing number
of people have degrees.
CORRECT

Further education has become more accessible for a wider range of people because an increasing number
of people have degrees.
INCORRECT

Tip 2: Punctuation is very important in cause and effect sentences, with each connector and sentence structure. For example:

Understanding the applications of technology has become increasingly difficult. Consequently, university courses are becoming increasingly specialised. CORRECT

Understanding the applications of technology has become increasingly difficult, consequently university courses are becoming increasingly specialised. INCORRECT

Test yourself! Which is the correct connector for these cause and effect sentences? Be careful of punctuation!

1. He finished the exam ______ he left the exam room.

so | because |consequently

Show answerThe correct answer is so. Because is incorrect because this is used when the effect comes before the cause, and consequently is incorrect because it needs to either a start a new sentence of have a semi colon first (He finished the exam; consequently, he left the room).

 

2. He had significant health problems later in life ________ he smoked 50 cigarettes a day for many years.

so |because |as a result

Show answerThe correct answer is because. Both so and as a result are incorrect because the effect is given before the cause

 

3. The students felt they had to work hard ______ the cost of tuition was high and they needed to graduate first time.

thus |as |therefore

Show answerThe only logical answer is as. Thus and therefore suggest that high tuition costs came about because the students had to work hard, which is not logical.

 

4. Overseas courses are easier to enrol in. __________ , an increasing number of students are choosing to study abroad.

As a result | because | Due to

Show answerThe correct answer is As a result. Due to and because both need to be used when the cause and effect are together in one sentence, not split into two sentences.

 

5. Private education has become increasingly expensive; ________ , more students are joining the public sector.

and as a result | because | therefore

Show answerThe correct answer is Consequently. And as a result is incorrect because it would not need the preceding semi colon, and therefore is incorrect because the order of the sentence is cause then effect (because is used when the order is effect then cause).

Writing about root causes

You can further extend cause-and-effect constructions by writing about secondary or root causes.

For example:

Some people believe that global warming is a result of burning fossil fuels, as this causes increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

  • The cause: increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
  • Effect: global warming
  • Connector: is a result of
  • Root cause: burning fossil fuels

Here are five common constructions:

  1. (Z) has been directly affected by (X), as this allows for (Y).
  2. As a result of (X) leading to (Y), (Z) has been possible.
  3. (X), thus allowing for (Y), has resulted in (Z).
  4. (X) results in (Y), which in turn leads to (Z).
  5. Given (X), it follows that (Y) would mean (Z).

 

Putting it all together

The essay below uses causes and effect constructions, as well as using some of the expressions from above.

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge of the
following topic.

What factors do you think are important in promoting a higher standard of education?

Globally, there is an increasing requirement for ever higher level of education, with many students opting to study overseas to ensure they have the best available opportunities. This has been the result of an number of both external and internal influences as will now be present.

Internally, there have been a number of definite factors. With the governments of most nations eager to have more educated citizens, more funding has also been allocated to education. Given this, if follows that there is a the potential for increased resources, which would then inevitably allow for a higher educational level. Better teacher training, thus allowing for better teachers, has also been influential.

Externally, the job market requirement to have qualifications and certificates, often at the expense of experience, has resulted in pressure from students to raise the educationally level. With many industries and companies becoming increasingly specialised, there has also been a demand for equally specialised courses and higher education programmes. This, in turn, has led to a higher standard of education. In addition, the majority of people find a correlation between their expected salary and their educational achievements, and this naturally acts as a factor in promoting education.

One final factor which can be considered is that a higher standard of education has been directly affected by abusing the government’s interest in educating its citizens, as this allows for people to remain studying for some considerable time, with the only goal being to maintain a stress-free life for the student.

To conclude, it can be observed that there a number of both internal and external factors contributing to a higher level of education.

(271 words)