Matching and classifying in IELTS listening
Matching and classifying questions test your ability to understand a rephrased sentence and identify key points in the recording, as well as understand relationships between ideas.
You can think of matching questions as trying to find a pair of socks – one sock will match another. Classifying questions are a little different in that you have a category that the sub-sections fit in. Here’s a VERY SIMPLE example: you could have categories like FOOD, CLOTHING and WEATHER. The question would then ask you to ‘categorise’ items like trousers, apples and sunshine.
Matching questions in IELTS
Here’s an example of a matching question (there is no recording for this exercise – it is just an example. See below for a full exercise with audio):
Match the following dates to the statements that follow. Write A, B or C in your answer sheet.
1. The first scientific discovery was made.
2. Dr Ignatius published a landmark research paper
3. The experiment was abandoned.
With this type of question, you are simply matching a number and a letter. Classifying questions are very similar, but commonly use the same letter more than once.
Classifying questions in IELTS
Here’s an example of a classifying question:
Which person states the following:
A. Dr Jameson
B. Dr Walker
C. Dr Bell
1. Further research is essential
2. More finances will be required
3. Government support is not welcome
4. The conclusions drawn in 2013 were incomplete
3. The process of extraction is too expensive
This is a Section 3 example – Questions 28-30 are classifying questions.
Section 3 Questions 21-30
Answer the questions below
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS OR A NUMBER for each answer
21. What was the student’s assignment marked out of?
22. For which area of the assignment did the student get the best marks?
23. In addition to the internet, what was the only other reference source used by the student?
24. Which orientation did the student not attend at the beginning of the course?
25. What should the student have included into their question about food and drink bought in cafes?
Questions 26 and 27
Complete the sentences below
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer
26. When designing a questionnaire the writer should not assume a …. or point of view exists without sufficient evidence.
27. The student’s questionnaire would have required too much ………….to be effective for business use.
What does the lecturer tell the student about each book?
Choose your answers from the list and write the correct letter A-F next to questions 28-30
- Needs updating
- Up to date
- Easy to understand
- Too simplistic
28. Qualitative Analysis, (Gaston) _______________
29. Effective Research Analysis (English & Gatehill) _______________
30. Techniques that Work (Sandbrookes) _______________