Parallel expressions in IELTS – examples

Before looking at this page, we recommend looking at the parallel expressions page first.

In the IELTS test (especially in the reading), finding the correct answer often depends on understanding that the same sentence can be written in different ways, using different word groups or even different vocabulary. Take a look a look at the sentences below and try to think of another way the same information could be written.

I know it’s tempting to just click the links in red, but try to think of your own sentence first before seeing the possible answer!

Parallel expressions in IELTS - examplesA The environmental impact of the increasing number of cars on the road is devastating.
Could be written as:
Show a possible re-write of the sentence above The rise in the volume of cars being used is highly destructive to the environment.

B Without a convenient and economical public transport system, most people will continue to use their cars to get to work.
Could be written as:
Show a possible re-write of the sentence above The majority of commuters will not abandon their own private vehicle until mass transit options become more flexible and better priced.

C The situation is intensified by the rising number of two-car families.
Could be written as:
Show a possible re-write of the sentence above The problem has been heightened by the increasing number of households that own two vehicles.

D Car-sharing schemes, where people travel together in one vehicle, have not been particularly successful.
Could be written as:
Show a possible re-write of the sentence above Reducing the number of single occupant cars have not been a great success.

E Although contaminants in petrol have been reduced, they still pose a significant threat.
Could be written as:
Show a possible re-write of the sentence above Despite now having lower levels of contamination, petrol is still a notable concern.

F The lack of government legislation to control exhaust fumes, especially from older cars, has exacerbated the problem.
Could be written as:
Show a possible re-write of the sentence above The problem has been heightened, to a large extent from older vehicles, because there are insufficient laws to govern this.

G In addition to environmental damage, increased air pollution has direct health consequences.
Could be written as:
Show a possible re-write of the sentence above Airborne pollutants can have a clear impact on health as well as the effect on the environment as a whole.

H Respiratory diseases have increased, especially within inner-city areas.
Could be written as:
Show a possible re-write of the sentence above Those residing in urban areas are increasingly likely to suffer with breathing related conditions.

I Benzene, a by-product of the combustion of petrol, has been linked to birth defects.
Could be written as:
Show a possible re-write of the sentence above Complications arising from birth have been connected to benzene, a specific secondary result of burning gas.

J Yet while the car retains its image of freedom and individuality, it is unlikely that people will opt to take the bus.
Could be written as:
Show a possible re-write of the sentence above Public transport will probably not be used commonly until the use of private vehicles is no longer considered to represent a feeling of being unique and allowing people to travel freely.

 

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