Planning Task 2

Planning Task 2

After you have analysed the question and brainstormed some ideas, your next step is to plan your answer. For the purposes of this page, we will use the following IELTS Task 2 question:
TOPIC: The poor only have themselves to blame. Do you agree or disagree?

Planning Task 2Here are some ideas that you could have thought of related to the question:

  • the economy causes rich/poor gap, not individual people
  • rich people earned their money by working hard
  • poor people socialise too much hence have no money
  • harsh government policies
  • those unable to work/earn – disabled etc
  • people sometimes lose a lot of money gambling + other addictions
  • inherited money is not earned
  • shopaholics
  • government should distribute wealth equally
  • location of country can lead to limited development opportunities
  • poor peo0ple may be unmotivated because of welfare payments in some countries
  • difficult to break out of a generational cycle of poverty – parents poor, children poor
  • some people do not have the ability/skills/education to save

Following the suggestions made in ‘Getting ideas for Task 2‘, the weaker points would now be rejected.


 

The next step is to divide the remaining points into both sides of the argument. In this case, it is logical to divide the essay into the following:

It is their fault they are poor:

  • rich people earned their money by working hard
  • poor people socialise too much hence have no money
  • people sometimes lose a lot of money gambling + other addictions
  • shopaholics
  • poor peo0ple may be unmotivated because of welfare payments in some countries

It is NOT their fault they are poor

  • the economy causes rich/poor gap, not individual people
  • harsh government policies
  • those unable to work/earn – disabled etc
  • government should distribute wealth equally
  • location of country can lead to limited development opportunities
  • difficult to break out of a generational cycle of poverty – parents poor, children poor
  • some people do not have the ability/skills/education to save

 

Now you need to decide which position you will take – do you agree or disagree? Remember that your argument does not have to be your personal opinion – it should be the position you have the strongest points to argue with. As there are 5 reasons listed for ‘it is their fault’ and  7 for ‘it is NOT their fault’, you would logically write that being poor is mostly not the person’s fault. The final step in the planning process is to break the two parts into the three paragraphs you will need for your essay, with a relevant heading for each paragraph (the heading will be used to create your topic sentence).

This is just one way you could plan the essay:

BODY PARAGRAPH #1  – SOCIAL / EDUCATIONAL

  • those unable to work/earn – disabled etc
  • location of country can lead to limited development opportunities
  • difficult to break out of a generational cycle of poverty – parents poor, children poor
  • some people do not have the ability/skills/education to save

BODY PARAGRAPH #2  – GOVERNMENT

  • the economy causes rich/poor gap, not individual people
  • harsh government policies
  • government should distribute wealth equally

BODY PARAGRAPH #3 (THE CONCESSION)

  • rich people earned their money by working hard
  • poor people spend too much (socialising, gambling, shopping + other addictions)
  • poor peo0ple may be unmotivated because of welfare payments in some countries
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