Writing an introduction to Task 1 (Academic)

Writing an introduction to Task 1 (Academic)

Getting the introduction right in Task 1 is very important, as it is the first thing the examiner will see of your writing and they will start forming decisions about your level from your opening words. However, there are some common errors that IELTS candidates make when writing their introduction to Task 1.

Look at the example introduction below and the graph that follows. What is wrong with the introduction?

According to the graph, I can see a rising trend in the number of reported cases of sports related injuries. It’s really interesting. It can be divided into three distinct periods as I will now explain.

There are a number of points in the introduction above that are NOT GOOD.

  • Some of the vocabulary is not sufficiently formal  (‘I can see’ for example, would be better as ‘as can be seen’).
  • A lot of words have been copied directly from the graph title (‘Reported cases of sports-related injuries’ could have been expressed as ‘injuries connected to sport which have been announced’).
  • Some information from the graph has been missed. Ideally, the perfect introduction will capture ALL details of the graph in one or two sentences, but in the introduction given there is no mention of the UK, that cases are in there 1000s and that it is over a ten year period from 1990 to 2000.

However, there are some aspects of the introduction above that ARE good:

  • A general overview has been given (the writer has identified that there are ‘three main periods‘)
  • A clear indication of the following structure of the report has been given (‘as I will now explain.‘)

 

Important note about Task 1 introductions:

One of the most common errors we see with Task 1 reports issues with using the word ‘that’. Look at the introductory sentences below and note how the words in italics have been used. There is no graph for this exercise.

Sentences in BLUE are correct; sentences in RED are incorrect.

The graph shows the population of America.
The graph shows that the population of America.
The graph shows the population of America increased.
The graph shows that the population of America increased.
As can be seen from the graph, the population of America increased.
As can be seen from the graph, that the population of America increased.

 

Practice. Select ALL of the endings that can complete the sentence. Again, there is no graph for this exercise.

 

A The graph shows…

1 …the falling number of people who own a second home in the USA.
2 …there has been a falling trend in the number of people who own a second home in the USA since 2010.
3 …that the number of people who own a second home in the USA has fallen since 2010.
Show answer All 3 endings would suit here.

B It is clear from the graph …
1 …the falling number of people who own a second home in the USA.
2 …there has been a falling trend in the number of people who own a second home in the USA since 2010.
3 …that the number of people who own a second home in the USA has fallen since 2010.Show answer Only ending number 3 is correct here.

C It can be seen from the graph …
1 …the falling number of people who own a second home in the USA.
2 …there has been a falling trend in the number of people who own a second home in the USA since 2010.
3 …that the number of people who own a second home in the USA has fallen since 2010.
Show answer Only ending number 3 is correct here.

D As is shown by the graph,…
1 …the falling number of people who own a second home in the USA.
2 …there has been a falling trend in the number of people who own a second home in the USA since 2010.
3 …that the number of people who own a second home in the USA has fallen since 2010.
Show answer Only ending number 2 is correct here

E As is illustrated by the graph,…
1 …the falling number of people who own a second home in the USA.
2 …there has been a falling trend in the number of people who own a second home in the USA since 2010.
3 …that the number of people who own a second home in the USA has fallen since 2010.Show answer Only ending number 2 is correct here

F From the graph it is clear…
1 …the falling number of people who own a second home in the USA.
2 …there has been a falling trend in the number of people who own a second home in the USA since 2010.
3 …that the number of people who own a second home in the USA has fallen since 2010.
Show answer Only ending number 3 is correct here

G As the graph shows, …
1 …the falling number of people who own a second home in the USA.
2 …there has been a falling trend in the number of people who own a second home in the USA since 2010.
3 …that the number of people who own a second home in the USA has fallen since 2010.
Show answer Only ending number 2 is correct here

Show All correct answers

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