Category Archives: Grammar for IELTS

IELTS grammar: conditional sentences exercises

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IELTS grammar: conditional sentences exercises

IELTS grammar: conditional sentences exercisesHave you read the information page on conditional sentences? Click here to read it before you try the conditional sentences exercises.

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Complete the conditional sentences exercises below to test your knowledge of conditionals.

1st conditional example:

If he __________________ (get) the job, he ___________ (be) very happy .

If he gets the job, he will be very happy.

 

Conditional sentences exercises – zero conditional

Complete the conditional sentences exercises below using the zero conditional form.

1. If you _____________ (heat) water to 100 degrees Celsius, it _____________ (boil).

click here to see the answer
If you heat water to 100 degrees Celsius, it boils.

 

2. If I _____________ (ask) my dog to sit, he _____________ (obey) me.

click here to see the answer
If I ask my dog to sit, he obeys me.

 

3. You _____________ (need) travel insurance if you _____________ (go) on holiday overseas.

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click here to see the answer
You need travel insurance if you go on holiday overseas.

 

4. If people _____________ (not exercise), they _____________ (become) unfit.

click here to see the answer
If people don’t exercise, they become unfit.

 

5. I _____________ (feel) better if I _____________ (eat) well, .

click here to see the answer
I feel better if I eat well.

 

Conditional sentences exercises – first conditional

Complete the conditional sentences exercises below using the first conditional form.

6. If I _____________ (find) her phone number, I _____________ (send) it to you.

click here to see the answer
If I find her phone number, I will send it to you.

 

7. He _____________ (feel) ill if he _____________ (eat) all those sweets!

click here to see the answer
He will feel ill if he eats all those sweets!

 

8. If you _____________ (talk) to him, he _____________ (understand) your problem.

click here to see the answer
If you talk to him, he will understand your problem.

 

9. I _____________ (visit) you if I _____________ (come) to your hometown next year.

click here to see the answer
I will visit you if I come to your hometown next year.

 

10. If she _____________ (finish) work late, she _____________ (meet) us at the restaurant.

click here to see the answer
If she finishes work late, she will meet us at the restaurant.

 

Conditional sentences exercises – second conditional

Complete the conditional sentences exercises below using the second conditional form.

11. If I _____________ (know) how to contact him, I _____________ (tell) him the news.

click here to see the answer
If I knew how to contact him, I would tell him the news.

 

12. If he _____________ (ask) her to marry him, she _____________ (say) ‘yes’.

click here to see the answer
If he asked her to marry him, she would say ‘yes’.

 

13. He _____________ (not make) so many mistakes if he _____________ (listen) to instructions.

click here to see the answer
He would not make so many mistakes if he listened to instructions.

 

14. I _____________ (buy) a boat if I _____________ (have) more money.

click here to see the answer
I would buy a boat if I had more money.

 

15. If he _____________ (try) it, he _____________ (like) it!

click here to see the answer
If he tried it, he would like it!

 

Conditional sentences exercises – third conditional

Complete the conditional sentences exercises below using the third conditional form.

16. If I _____________ (see) him last week, I _____________ (invite) him.

click here to see the answer
If I had seen him last week, I would have invited him.

 

17. If I _____________ (know) you were in trouble, I _____________ (help) you.

click here to see the answer
If I had known you were in trouble, I would have helped you.

 

18. I _____________ (never met) you if _____________ (not go) to that party!

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I would never have met you if I hadn’t gone to that party!

 

19. If I _____________ (take) my car for a service, it _____________ (not break down) last night.

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If I had taken my car for a service, it would not have broken down last night.

 

20. She _____________ (not gone) there if I _____________ (warn) her.

click here to see the answer
She wouldn’t have gone there if I had warned her.

 

Prepositions of place exercises

Prepositions of place exercises

prepositions of place exercisesHave you read the information pages on prepositions of place? Click here and here to read them before you try the prepositions of place exercises.

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Complete the prepositions of place exercises below to test your knowledge.

Prepositions of place exercises practice

Complete the prepositions of place exercises by choosing the correct option (a), (b) or (c) to complete each of the sentences with ‘at‘, ‘on‘, ‘in‘, ‘alongside‘, ‘against‘, ‘by‘, ‘beside‘ or ‘towards‘.

1. My dog always waits __________ the door for me to come home.

(a) towards    (b) at   (c)  on

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is B.

 

2. I am from London but I live ___________ Manchester.

(a) at    (b) on   (c)  in

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is C.

 

3. There is an interesting article _________ page 3 of this newspaper.

(a) in    (b) on   (c) by

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is B.

 

4. Please pick up all those clothes you have left _________ the floor.

(a) on    (b) at   (c) against

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is A.

 

5. I chatted to the passenger next to me __________ the train.

(a) in    (b) on   (c) towards

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is B.

 

6. We were ___________ the middle of a conversation when she arrived.

(a) beside    (b) by   (c) in

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is C.

 

7. I have worked __________ John for 10 years.

(a) alongside    (b) towards   (c) at

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is A.

 

8. There was a surprising twist to the story __________ the end of the book.

(a) at    (b) in   (c) against

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is A.

 

9. A river runs __________ our garden – it’s beautiful!

(a) against    (b) alongside   (c) at

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is B.

 

10. We sat down ________ the armchairs in the hotel reception.

(a) in    (b) on   (c) at

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is A.

 

11. I left the brush __________ the garage door.

(a) in    (b) towards   (c) against

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is C.

 

12. You can sit __________ me there is plenty of room.

(a) beside    (b) against  (c) towards

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is A.

 

13. Look _________ the cupboard there should be plenty of glasses there.

(a) at    (b) on  (c) in

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is C.

 

14.  I live __________ a gym so I go most evenings after work.

(a) on    (b) by  (c) towards

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is B.

 

15. I can see him; he’s driving __________ us now.

(a) at    (b) against  (c) towards

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is C.

 

 

 

Grammar for IELTS Prepositions of time exercises

Grammar for IELTS Prepositions of time exercises

Have you read the information pages on prepositions of time? Click here and here to read them before you try the prepositions of time exercises.

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Complete the prepositions of time exercises below to test your knowledge.

Prepositions of time exercises practice

Complete the prepositions of time exercises by choosing the correct option (a), (b) or (c) to complete each of the sentences with ‘at‘, ‘on‘, ‘in‘, ‘within‘ or ‘before‘.

1. I start work ___________ 9am.

(a) within    (b) on   (c)  at

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is C.

 

Grammar for IELTS Prepositions of time exercises2. I’ll give you a call __________ lunchtime.

(a) in    (b) at   (c)  within

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is B.

 

3. I start my new job __________ Monday.

(a) on    (b) at   (c)  in

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is A.

 

4. I will finish the report __________ the end of the week.

(a) within    (b) before   (c)  on

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is B.

 

5. We always have a family gathering ___________ Christmas.

(a) at    (b) within   (c)  on

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is A.

 

6. The weather is warm in New Zealand ___________ February.

(a) at    (b) within   (c)  in

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is C.

 

7. He never goes out ___________ night.

(a) on    (b) in   (c)  at

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is C.

 

8. I always exercise _________ the morning.

(a) on    (b) in   (c)  at

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is B.

 

9. I need to make a decision ___________ the next 24 hours.

(a) before    (b) within   (c)  on

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is B.

 

10. They celebrate their wedding anniversary _________ July 22nd.

(a) on    (b) within   (c)  at

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is A.

 

11. I was born _________ 1990.

(a) at    (b) within   (c)  in

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is C.

 

12. We are going out to dinner __________ my birthday.

(a) on    (b) at   (c)  in

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is A.

 

13. They said they would let me know __________ the next week.

(a) before    (b) within   (c)  on

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is B.

 

14. I told her to see me ___________ lunchtime.

(a) before    (b) within   (c)  on

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is A.

 

15. I need to finish my studies ___________ the next twelve months.

(a) before    (b) at   (c)  within

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is C.

 

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Grammar for IELTS Countable nouns exercises

Grammar for IELTS Countable nouns exercises

Grammar for IELTS Countable nouns exercisesHave you read the information page on countable and uncountable nouns? Click here to read it before you try the countable and uncountable noun exercises.

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Complete the countable and uncountable noun exercises below to test your knowledge of countable and uncountable nouns.

Are the following nouns usually countable or uncountable?

1. Computer

click here to see the answer
countable

 

2. Milk

click here to see the answer
uncountable

 

3. Telephone

click here to see the answer
countable

 

4. Bread

click here to see the answer
uncountable

 

5. Rice

click here to see the answer
uncountable

 

6. Cup

click here to see the answer
countable

 

7. Coffee

click here to see the answer
uncountable

 

8. Friend

click here to see the answer
countable

 

9. Pasta

click here to see the answer
uncountable

 

10. Flower

click here to see the answer
countable

 

11. Flour

click here to see the answer
uncountable

 

12. Knowledge

click here to see the answer
uncountable

 

13. Education

click here to see the answer
uncountable

 

14. Money

click here to see the answer
uncountable

 

15. Coin

click here to see the answer
countable

 

16. Ink

click here to see the answer
uncountable

 

17. Photograph

click here to see the answer
countable

 

18. Vehicle

click here to see the answer
countable

 

Choose the correct words to complete each of the sentences below.

19. Do you have _________________ (many / much) money with you? Could I borrow some please?

click here to see the answer
much

 

20. There isn’t ___________________ (some / any) bread left. I’ll get some when I go shopping.

click here to see the answer
any

 

21. I have ___________________ (some / any) coins in my purse if you need some change.

click here to see the answer
some

 

22. There were ___________________ (too many / too much) vehicles on the motorway today. I was stuck in a traffic jam for hours!

click here to see the answer
too many

 

23. ________________________ (a few / a little) of my friends are going to the party on Saturday. I’m so glad I’ll know some people there!

click here to see the answer
a few

 

24. There were ______________________ (too many / a lot of) people at the party – it was such a great atmosphere I had a brilliant time!

click here to see the answer
a lot of

 

25. I can’t help you I’m sorry. I have  ______________________ (few / little) knowledge of that subject.

click here to see the answer
little

Grammar for IELTS Parts of speech exercises

Grammar for IELTS Parts of speech exercises

Grammar for IELTS Parts of speech exercisesHave you read the information page on the parts of speech? Click here to read it before you try the parts of speech exercises.

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Complete the parts of speech exercises below to test your knowledge of the different parts of speech.

What parts of speech are the words in red?

1. I prefer writing with a black pen.

click here to see the answer
adjective

 

2. The children were sleeping so their parents quietly closed the door.

click here to see the answer
adverb

 

3. I like most sports, expecially basketball and tennis.

click here to see the answer
conjunction

 

4. Woah! You shouldn’t drive so fast!

click here to see the answer
interjection

 

5. I have a dog called ‘Genie’.

click here to see the answer
article

 

6. Most people these days have a computer at home.

click here to see the answer
noun

 

7. David will be here on Tuesday.

click here to see the answer
preposition

 

8. They played well but didn’t win the match.

click here to see the answer
pronoun

 

9. My uncle enjoys all kinds of sports events.

click here to see the answer
verb

 

10. He had always wanted to travel to Asia.

click here to see the answer
pronoun

 

11. She wanted to get fit so she joined a gym.

click here to see the answer
conjunction

 

12. She lives beside a lake.

click here to see the answer
preposition

 

13. It was an extraordinary evening.

click here to see the answer
adjective

 

14. I have an umbrella if you need it.

click here to see the answer
article

 

15. They play football so skillfully.

click here to see the answer
adverb

 

16. A sound education is very important.

click here to see the answer
noun

 

17. He knows as much about art.

click here to see the answer
verb

 

18. Wow! You look amazing!

click here to see the answer
interjection

Grammar for IELTS Past perfect exercises

Grammar for IELTS Past perfect simple and continuous exercises

Grammar for IELTS Past perfect exercisesHave you read the information page on the past perfect simple and continuous tenses? Click here to read it before you try the past perfect simple and continuous exercises.

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Complete the past perfect simple and continuous exercises below to test your knowledge of the past perfect simple and continuous.

Example: He __________________ (work) for 8 hours without a break before his boss arrived. He had been working for 8 hours without a break before his boss arrived.

1. By the time I got to the party John ____________________ (left).

click here to see the answer
had left

 

2. I couldn’t wait any longer because I ______________________ (already / arranged) to meet Debbie in the city.

click here to see the answer
had already arranged

 

3. He ______________________ (completed) the task by the time he went home.

click here to see the answer
had completed

 

4. They ___________________ (paint) all morning before they ran out of paint and went to buy more.

click here to see the answer
had been painting

 

5. He _______________________ (not finish) work when I called him at 7pm.

click here to see the answer
had not finished

 

6. She _______________________ (run) for over an hour so she was very hot and sweaty.

click here to see the answer
had been running

 

7. They _______________________ (date) for several years before they got engaged.

click here to see the answer
had been dating

 

8. She _______________________ (watch) the movie before but wanted to see it again.

click here to see the answer
had watched

 

9. He _____________________ (studied) all week so decided to take some time off.

click here to see the answer
had been studying

 

10. I _____________________ (not eat) all day so I was so hungry when we arrived at the restaurant.

click here to see the answer
had not eaten

 

11. I _____________________ (not see) Jake for 10 years when I met him unexpectedly at the conference.

click here to see the answer
had not seen

 

12.  __________________ you _________________ (know) Jenny long before you went on holiday together?

click here to see the answer
Had you known

Grammar for IELTS future simple exercises

Grammar for IELTS future simple exercises

future simple exercisesHave you read the information page on the future simple tense (will / be going to)? Click here to read it before you try the future simple exercises.

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Complete the future simple exercises below with ‘will’ or ‘going to’ to test your knowledge of the future simple.

will: will + (base form of the verb)
(be) going to: be (am, are is) + going to + (base form of the verb)

Example: He __________________ (resign) today as he accepted a new job offer last week.He is going to resign today as he accepted a new job offer last week.

1. “Why don’t you come to my house this evening?”. “Oh, okay. I _______________ (bring) some pizza.”

click here to see the answer
will bring

 

2. Look at that driver! He’s on the wrong side of the road and he’s travelling too fast. I’m sure he ______________________ (crash)!

click here to see the answer
is going to crash

 

3. By 2014, the global population ______________________ (be) nearly 7 billion.

click here to see the answer
will be

 

4. A: we need some more milk. B: I know. I ___________________ (get) some later – it’s on my shopping list.

click here to see the answer
am going to get

 

5. He _______________________ (win) the race easily. Look, he’s so far ahead of the others!

click here to see the answer
is going to win

 

6. I promise I _______________________ (send) you an email at least once a week while I’m away!

click here to see the answer
will send

 

7. I _______________________ (exercise) more regularly from now on. I joined the local gym yesterday.

click here to see the answer
am going to exercise

 

8. Future generations _______________________ (live) longer than people do now.

click here to see the answer
will live

 

9. I didn’t know he needed a lift. I _____________________ (take) him home if you like.

click here to see the answer
will take

 

10. I _____________________ (have) a check up at the dentist tomorrow – I booked the appointment last week.

click here to see the answer
am going to have

 

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Present continuous exercises

Present continuous exercises

present continuous exercisesHave you read the information page on the present continuous? Click here to read it before you try the present continuous exercises.

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Complete the present continuous exercises below to test your knowledge of the present continuous.

A. Present continuous exercises – use the correct form of the present continuous to complete the sentences and question below.

Example: Right now I ______________ (take) a grammar test. Right now I am taking a grammar test.

1. John ______________ (watch) television in the lounge.

click here to see the answer

is watching

2. It is a national holiday so I __________________ (not work) today.

click here to see the answer

am not working

3. What is that noise? Someone ______________ (sing) really badly!

click here to see the answer

is singing

4. I’ll call you back, I _____________ (eat) dinner at the moment.

click here to see the answer

am eating

5. _______ they still _____________ (sleep)? I can call again later.

click here to see the answer

Are they still sleeping

 

B. Present continuous exercises – use the correct form of the present continous OR present simple to complete the sentences and questions below.

Tip: When you complete these present continuous exercises remember to watch our for static verbs (they do not take the continuous form!)

6. He isn’t here, he _____________ (visit) his sister in France.

click here to see the answer

is visiting

7. This is a lovely meal – it _____________ (taste) delicious.

click here to see the answer

tastes

8. These flowers _____________ (smell) wonderful!

click here to see the answer

smell

9. I _________________ (meet) my sister for lunch every Tuesday.

click here to see the answer

meet

10. ___________ you _____________ (meet) Susan later?

click here to see the answer

Are you meeting

11. He normally tells the truth but this time I _____________ (not believe) him.

click here to see the answer

don’t believe

12. I _____________________ (read) a book about New Zealand at the moment – it looks like such a beautiful country.

click here to see the answer

am reading

13. What are you doing? I __________________ (check) my emails.

click here to see the answer

am checking

14. I’m sorry, I ____________________ (not know) the answer to that question.

click here to see the answer

don’t know

15. __________ you ______________ (play) tennis very often?

click here to see the answer

Do you play

 

Present simple exercises

Present simple exercises

present simple exercisesHave you read the information page on the present simple? Click here to read it before you try the present simple exercises.

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Complete the present simple exercises below to test your knowledge of the present simple.

Example: I work on weekdays. He works on weekdays.

1. We listen to the teacher.     She _______________ the teacher.

click here to see the answer

listens

2. I watch television in the evenings.     He _______________ television in the evenings.

click here to see the answer

watches

3. They like playing computer games.     He _________________ playing computer games.

click here to see the answer

likes

4. They taste delicious.     It ____________ delicious.

click here to see the answer

tastes

5. We fix computers for our job.     She _______________ computers for her job.

click here to see the answer

fixes

6. I write to my brother every week.     My brother ________________ to me every week.

click here to see the answer

writes

7. I have a dog.     She ___________ a dog.

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has

8. I don’t eat chocolate.     He _________________ chocolate.

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doesn’t eat

9. They do not have bicycles.     She ________________ a bicycle.

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does not have

10. They don’t like dogs.     He ___________________ dogs.

click here to see the answer

doesn’t like

11. We don’t eat meat.  I ___________________ meat.

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don’t eat

12. She doesn’t have a computer.  You ___________________ a computer.

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don‘t have

13. Do you work in the city?     ______ they _______ in the city?

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Do they work

14. Do you like him?     _______ he ________ her?

click here to see the answer

Does he like

15. Does he go to your school?     ________ you _________ to his school?

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Do you go

16. What time do you get up in the mornings?     What time _________ she __________ in the mornings?

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Does she get up

17. Does he usually walk to work?     ________ they usually __________ to work?

click here to see the answer

Do they usually walk

18. Do you go to the gym on Friday evenings?     ________ he __________ to the gym on Friday evenings?

click here to see the answer

Does he go

Stative and dynamic verbs

Stative and dynamic verbs

Verbs can be divided into two types: stative and dynamic verbs.

Stative verbs are also known as state verbs and dynamic verbs are also know as action verbs.

Do you know the difference between stative and dynamic verbs?

Do you know about an important grammar rule that applies to stative and dynamic verbs?

Read the information below and see if your ideas are correct!


stative_and_dynamic_verbsDifferences between stative and dynamic verbs

  • Dynamic verbs describe actions.

For example: to run, to work, to sleep, to eat etc.

  • Stative verbs describe things that are not actions.

For example: stative verbs describe feelings, emotions, senses, thoughts, opinions etc. They often refer to things you cannot actually see people doing.

Examples of stative verbs

Thoughts and opinions:

to agree; to know; to realise; to suppose; to understand; to believe; to remember; to think

Feelings and emotions:

to like; to love; to hate; to dislike; to envy; to mind; to want; to need; to desire;

Senses:

to taste; to smell; to hear; to see

States:

to seem; to belong; to own

Even when we are talking about temporary situations happening now, we generally do not use stative verbs in the continuous form.

For example:
This meat tastes delicious!  Correct
NOT
This meat is tasting delicious!  Incorrect

 

Verbs that can be used as stative and dynamic verbs

It is important to note that some verbs can act as both stative and dynamic verbs, depending on their use.

Remember that if you use a stative verb in continuous form, the meaning of what you say will be different!

Here are some examples:

  • This bread tastes good

In this sentence, ‘taste’ is used as a stative verb (opinion of the food / the sense of taste).

  • The chef is tasting the dinner

In this sentence, ‘taste’ is used as a dynamic verb; it is describing the action of the chef checking the quality of the food.

  • I see John! Look there he is!

In this sentence, ‘see’ is used as a stative verb (the sense of sight).

  • I am seeing Sue tomorrow.

In this sentence, ‘see’ is used as an active verb (speaker is using present continuous for a future plan).