In the IELTS test (especially in the reading), finding the correct answer often depends on understanding that the same sentence can be written in different ways, using different word groups or even different vocabulary. Take a look a look at the sentences below and try to think of another way the same information could be written.
I know it’s tempting to just click the links in red, but try to think of your own sentence first before seeing the possible answer!
A The environmental impact of the increasing number of cars on the road is devastating.
Could be written as: Show a possible re-write of the sentence above The rise in the volume of cars being used is highly destructive to the environment.
B Without a convenient and economical public transport system, most people will continue to use their cars to get to work.
Could be written as: Show a possible re-write of the sentence above The majority of commuters will not abandon their own private vehicle until mass transit options become more flexible and better priced.
C The situation is intensified by the rising number of two-car families.
Could be written as: Show a possible re-write of the sentence above The problem has been heightened by the increasing number of households that own two vehicles.
D Car-sharing schemes, where people travel together in one vehicle, have not been particularly successful.
Could be written as: Show a possible re-write of the sentence above Reducing the number of single occupant cars have not been a great success.
E Although contaminants in petrol have been reduced, they still pose a significant threat.
Could be written as: Show a possible re-write of the sentence above Despite now having lower levels of contamination, petrol is still a notable concern.
F The lack of government legislation to control exhaust fumes, especially from older cars, has exacerbated the problem.
Could be written as: Show a possible re-write of the sentence above The problem has been heightened, to a large extent from older vehicles, because there are insufficient laws to govern this.
G In addition to environmental damage, increased air pollution has direct health consequences.
Could be written as: Show a possible re-write of the sentence above Airborne pollutants can have a clear impact on health as well as the effect on the environment as a whole.
H Respiratory diseases have increased, especially within inner-city areas.
Could be written as: Show a possible re-write of the sentence above Those residing in urban areas are increasingly likely to suffer with breathing related conditions.
I Benzene, a by-product of the combustion of petrol, has been linked to birth defects.
Could be written as: Show a possible re-write of the sentence above Complications arising from birth have been connected to benzene, a specific secondary result of burning gas.
J Yet while the car retains its image of freedom and individuality, it is unlikely that people will opt to take the bus.
Could be written as: Show a possible re-write of the sentence above Public transport will probably not be used commonly until the use of private vehicles is no longer considered to represent a feeling of being unique and allowing people to travel freely.
A Can you feel your anxiety and stress levels increasing every time you get caught in a traffic jam? Do you find it difficult to control your tongue when your boss points out your shortcomings yet again? Do you just not have the right kind of office attire, hate spending hours shopping for it and, frankly, would feel much better if you only had more independence, more freedom, more flexible hours and fewer people on your back? Do you yearn for state-of-the-art technology in your home, that … wait for it … you haven’t had to pay for? If you are shouting an enthusiastic ‘Yes!’ in answer to these questions, then it could be time to make a career and life change that may not even require you to quit your job. Just suggest to your boss that you wish to become one of the new breed of executives whose office is based at home.
B Working from home is a relatively new phenomenon, but is becoming an increasingly popular option with both businesses and employees. The technology available to us now means that we no longer need to be in the same office building as our colleagues to communicate effectively with each other. E-mail, video conferencing, mobile telephones and more, mean that we can do business just as efficiently, regardless of our location.
C Companies may choose to employ a proportion of their staff as home-based workers, as, of course, a workforce set up in such a way requires far less office space and fewer parking facilities. The fixed costs of a business can be dramatically reduced. Employees can enjoy the added benefits of freedom to schedule the day as they choose and freedom to spend more time at home with their families. Working from home can be a particularly valid option for young mothers who wish to pursue their careers but find it impossible to be out of the house for nine or ten hours per day.
D We can even go so far as to say that the working-from-home phenomenon could be one of the answers to the pollution problems which the modern world has inflicted upon itself. Fewer people travelling to work every day equals fewer cars. Fewer cars, of course, equates to lower CO2 levels in the atmosphere. Governments have been trying for years to change how we commute to work, attempting to persuade us to forsake our private car journey to work each day for the hideous experience of a crowded bus or train. Most of us have been resistant, even when parking fees in city areas have been on the rise and unpredictable traffic patterns mean we have to leave our house 30 minutes earlier than necessary anyway. But working from home gives us no excuse whatsoever to emit CO2 into the atmosphere twice a day in our working week.
E But what are the drawbacks to working from home? There must be some or everybody would be doing it. For many of us, work is a means of escaping our nearest and dearest and making our own mark on the world. The relationships we have with our colleagues, be they good or bad, are a significant part of our life – after all, full-time workers spend a third of their day in their workplace. After-hours pursuits of a game of squash or a pint in the pub become part of our daily routine. We cement sound friendships at work and an astounding percentage of us meet our life partner at our place of work. The people there have similar ambitions and business interests and we are, after all, social animals. The majority of us become depressed and withdrawn if we do not have enough interaction with others. Some people who work from home feel that, because they do spend a large proportion of the day at home alone with few distractions, they are actually much more productive and can get tasks done in a much shorter time than in an office environment. Others, however, may be demotivated by the isolation and find it difficult to get down to tasks which have a more intangible deadline.
F As with most aspects of life, a balance is probably the best solution for the majority of workers – a job based at home which requires regular contact with colleagues at regular meetings. Management surveys show that successful business is easier if we operate as a team: brainstorming and sharing ideas and offering support and motivation to each other. After all, we are only human and we need others to complain to if we have a bad day at work!
Complete the sentences below. Use NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS.
1 Working from home has been made possible by advances in . Show answer TECHNOLOGY
2 With fewer requirements for space, businesses can reduce their . Show answer (FIXED) COSTS
3 Despite political pressure, most people have not changed how they to work. Show answer COMMUTE
4 For some people, working at home can have a negative impact as the can cause them to lose motivation. Show answer ISOLATION
Complete the summary by using words from the box below.
Technology has allowed us to (5) at home instead of the office. For the company, there are (6) incentives and for the employee there is more (7) . There are even (8) for the environment. However, there is a (9) factor to be considered.
Show answerTechnology has allowed us to (5) CONDUCT BUSINESS at home instead of the office. For the company, there are (6) FINANCIAL incentives and for the employee there is more (7) FLEXIBILITY. There are even (8) BENEFITS for the environment. However, there is a (9) PSYCHOLOGICAL factor to be considered.
Read the text below and complete the questions that follow.
NO MEAN FEAT
Every now and again, amid the doom and gloom of war, violence and poverty, our attention is drawn to the achievements of individuals who have overcome substantial difficulties and serve as an inspiration to us all. One such man is New Zealander Mark Inglis.
Until the 1980s, Mr Inglis worked as a Search and Rescue mountaineer in the Mount Cook National Park. He began his career as a professional climber in 1979 and proved himself courageous and determined even then. However, in November 1982, an event occurred which was to change his life forever. Called out on what first appeared to be a routine rescue operation, Mark Inglis and his partner Philip Doole were caught in a storm near the summit of Mount Cook. For the following 14 days, the two men were trapped by some of the worst weather the mountain has, forcing them to seek shelter in an ice cave which has since become known as ‘Middle Peak Hotel’. Incredibly, as the weather cleared, the two men were found still alive in their cave, but two weeks of freezing conditions had taken their toll. Both men had succumbed to frostbite, and, as Inglis recounts in his book No Mean Feat, they both lost their lower legs.
It is not just as an author that Inglis has managed to carve a new life for himself. Since his time in Middle Peak Hotel, he has graduated from Lincoln University with a first class degree in Biochemistry and has also developed a successful career with Montana wines as a Senior Wine Maker. Montana Wines hails from the Marlborough region of New Zealand, as does Inglis himself, and the brands from the company – including Deutz and Lindauer – have achieved international recognition.
An impressive effort for a double amputee, but nowhere near as impressive as Inglis’s contributions to sport. He remains a keen mountaineer, cyclist and skier, having learned to ski using two prosthetic legs. He has been skiing at an international level since the 1990s and won a silver medal in the one kilometre cycling pursuit race in the Sydney Paralympic Games of 2000. In 2002, Inglis faced his biggest challenge to date as he once again went to the Mount Cook National Park and climbed the very mountain that caused his disability. Not content with this one success, Inglis has since gone on to higher peaks and, in August 2004, Inglis reached the summit of Cho Oyo in the Himalayas, an accomplishment worthy of the title ‘no mean feat’ considering that it is the world’s sixth highest mountain.
With so many achievements in the face of what many would consider to have been overwhelming odds, it is perhaps not surprising that Inglis has also made a name for himself as a motivational speaker. He believes that we can all achieve success with a positive attitude, but perhaps his strongest message is that disability is an inaccurate term for people who simply have, in his own words, ‘different opportunities’. In 2003, Inglis was awarded the New Zealand Order of Merit for his services to the community. It was in the same year that he travelled around the country with his inspirational roadshow ‘INZONE’, speaking to over 50 000 people with words of encouragement and support.
Inglis’s affiliations to charities and societies are endless. He is the National Ambassador for the CCS, and is also the Ambassador for Outward Bound programmes offered to people with special needs. Inglis also devotes time to the Marlborough First Light Programme, which promotes and funds Outward Bound programmes to local youth.
In addition, Inglis is also involved in Work Choice Day (a programme designed to assist school leavers in making career choices), is a patron of the Cambodia Trust Aotearoa and associated with Back-Up New Zealand. With so many demands on his time, it’s little wonder that he likes to get away to the top of a mountain every now and again.
Now complete the text below using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER FROM THE TEXT
Question 1 Show answer(Routine) rescue operation
Question 2 Show answerMiddle Peak Hotel
Question 3 Show answerGraduated
Question 4 Show answer(Two) prosthetic legs
Question 5 Show answer2002
Question 6 Show answer(The) Himalayas
Question 7 Show answerDifferent opportunities
Question 8 Show answerINZONE
Question 9 Show answerAmbassador
Question 10 Show answerCambodia Trust Aotearoa – the question asked specifically about an international organisation
Text completion questions in IELTS are one of the most common question types. You need to be able to complete either a sentence or a short summary of the text, using either words from the text or words provided in a box.
There are two different types of instruction for text-completion questions.
Use words from the text
Use words from a box
Here’s a short example:
Text: The importance that used to be attached to ‘working in the city’ is slowly becoming less significant. Apart from a few remaining areas like Wall Street in New York, the actual place where most of the work is completed has little or no impact on whether the work is successful. On occasions when appearance is important, many business people often prefer to meet clients in a more neutral environment such as a restaurant or conference room.
Question 1 (use words from the text)
Complete the sentence below with words taken from the passage. Use NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS. a Having an office in the city is _____________________. Show answer(becoming) less significant
Question 2 (use words from a box)
Complete the sentence below. Choose your answer from the box.
b _____________________ is one of the exceptions to this trend. Show answerWall Street
Here are some points that will help with this question type:
The text you are completing will not be in the same order as the reading text. For example, the reading text may start by talking about the history of a company, then move on to discuss their products, whereas the completion passage may ask first about products and then about the history.
The most useful skill with these questions is the ability to identify synonyms and parallel expressions – that is, the same information but presented using different words or constructions. For example, the text may say ‘This is now known as…’ but the text completion passage ‘This has more recently been referred to as’.
Looking for names of people or places, as well as dates and times, will often help you identify the approximate area for the answer. For example, the text may say ‘New Zealand is considered by many to be an ideal tourist destination’ – in that case, it is worth scanning the text for references to New Zealand.
Look closely at the instructions – they could range from USE NO MORE THAN ONE WORD FROM THE BOX to USE NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER FROM THE TEXT. Writing too many words than the limit given will mean your answer is automatically wrong! A useful hint though – if the instructions state ‘WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER’, then at least one of the answers will be or contain a number.
Once you have found what you think is the answer, read the summary with your answer included and check the grammar – obviously the summary you are completing must be accurate or it isn’t the correct answer!
Read the text then classify the statements that follow.
A national airline is not simply the means by which visitors can travel to a given country, it is often perceived as the flagship of that country. Visitors’ perceptions of an airline and the image it creates reflect upon the image and perceptions of the country itself, and it is in realisation of this that governments often subsidise the airline heavily to help ensure it is considered one of the world’s finest.
In Australia, Qantas has produced images attractive to both Australians and international travellers. A notable Qantas advertising campaign, ‘I still call Australia home’ was successful both domestically and internationally. No doubt Qantas officials and the Australian government were pleased with the image boost given to the airline when Dustin Hoffman, in the blockbuster movie Rain Man reminded the world of the enviable crash record of the company. It was indeed true that Qantas had never lost an aircraft until an incident in Bangkok in 1999, particularly impressive given that it had been operating for over three-quarters of a century without any such incident. The company began life as the ‘Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services Limited’ on 16th November, 1920. The initials soon became a well-known word as Qantas, pronounced ‘kwontus’, went from strength to strength. Following the collapse of Ansett airlines in September 2001, the airline operated what was essentially a monopoly on its domestic routes, until the arrival of Virgin Blue, a UK-based company that began offering cut-price alternatives. Offshore, Qantas continues to operate successfully. It is the second-largest airline operating out of Singapore Airport and has also expanded into the domestic New Zealand market. While Qantas shares have been bought by other airlines, primarily British Airways, the company remains 51% Australian owned.
The achievements of New Zealand’s main airline are no less impressive. Air New Zealand began life in April 1940 with the incorporation of Tasman Empire Airways Limited (TEAL), although it was not known by its modern name until 25 years later. At the time of its inception, TEAL was jointly owned by the governments of New Zealand and Australia, and it was not until April 1961 that full ownership was assumed by New Zealand. The company operated trans-Tasman services and routes to Asia, the USA, the UK and Europe. As TEAL became Air New Zealand, they continued to operate international flights while domestic routes were served by the New Zealand National Airways Corporation (NAC) until 1978, when the two companies merged. Privatisation occurred in April 1989, when the company was sold for NZ$660 million. Since March 1999, Air New Zealand has been a member of the Star Alliance Group, which includes Air Canada, Singapore Airlines and United Airlines. It is the largest global alliance in the world, and offers significant loyalty rewards to repeat clientele.
In many ways, British Airways could be considered a relatively new entrant to the field. The contemporary British Airways was established in April 1972 as a result of a government-orchestrated merger of BOAC and BEAC, both former state airlines. The beginnings of international commercial aviation in the UK were heavily focused on long-haul routes to former British Empire destinations including Australasia and the Far East. However, back in 1935 a small, independent airline, also known as British Airways (which would later become part of BOAC before re-emerging under its own name) specialised in flights to and from mainland Europe. The 1990s was a period of rapid global expansion for British Airways. Activities included the establishment of the German carrier Deutsche BA and purchase of shares both in Qantas and US Airways. The star of the British Airways fleet was the Concorde, built and operated in conjunction with Air France from 1975. The Air France Concorde crash in Paris in 2000 contributed to the downfall of the aircraft, which is no longer in operation.
Classify the following statements as referring to:
Air New Zealand (ANZ)
British Airways (BA)
Write the correct letter A-C in boxes 1-10 below.
1. This airline is one of the largest airlines operating out of Singapore. Show answer A (QANTAS) – ‘Offshore, Qantas continues to operate successfully. It is the second-largest airline operating out of Singapore Airport’. The question referred to ‘one of the largest’, so ‘second-largest’ has the same meaning.
2. This airline owns shares in Australian and American airlines. Show answer C (British Airways) – ‘The 1990s was a period of rapid global expansion for British Airways… purchase of shares both in Qantas and US Airways.’
3. This airline has the youngest origins of the three. Show answer C (Air New Zealand) – This is a tricky question, as ‘youngest’ refers to the most recent or newest of the three companies – the text states that BA is ‘a relatively new entrant to the field’, but looking at the dates shows a slightly different answer. ‘Air New Zealand began life in April 1940′, QANTAS started on 16th November, 1920 and British Airways has its roots ‘back in 1935′. 1940 is the newest, hence the answer is ‘C’.
4. This airline had a joint venture with a French airline. Show answer C (British Airways) ‘The star of the British Airways fleet was the Concorde, built and operated in conjunction with Air France from 1975.’
5. This airline is better known under its acronym. Show answer A (QANTAS) – ‘The initials soon became a well-known word as Qantas, pronounced ‘kwontus’‘ (an acronym is a word made up from the initials of the complete title, such as NASA)
6. This airline is a member of an international group. Show answer B (Air New Zealand) – ‘Since March 1999, Air New Zealand has been a member of the Star Alliance Group, which includes Air Canada, Singapore Airlines and United Airlines.’
7. This airline is the only one of the three that was not the result of a merger. Show answer A (QANTAS) – ‘Air New Zealand…continued to operate international flights while domestic routes were served by the New Zealand National Airways Corporation (NAC) until 1978, when the two companies merged’ AND ‘The contemporary British Airways was established in April 1972 as a result of a government-orchestrated merger of BOAC and BEAC’
8. This airline was sold to investors by the government Show answer B (Air New Zealand) – ‘Privatisation occurred in April 1989, when the company was sold for NZ$660 million.’
9. This airline was promoted by a Hollywood film. Show answer A (QANTAS) – ‘Dustin Hoffman, in the blockbuster movie Rain Man reminded the world of the enviable crash record of the company.’
10. This airline has other interests in Europe. Show answer C (British Airways) – ‘Activities included the establishment of the German carrier Deutsche BA’
Ready to try another exercise on classifying? Click here.
In this final page for these question types, we will review some of the useful tips and hints that can help you achieve a better result.
Here are some tips for completing matching or classifying questions. Tip 1: it is important to remember that the category, such as a person’s name, may appear multiple times in the passage. Tip 2: You will need to consider reference words. For example, the first time Scott Bradley is mentioned his name is used, but the second reference may be introduced with ‘He’. Tip 3: You may not use all of the categories and may use others more than once. The instructions will tell you if you can use the same category more than once so you will need to read carefully.
Now try some practice exercises for matching and classifying questions.
On this page, we will be applying the 6 steps recommend on page 2 to answer a classifying question.
Read the paragraph below and answer the question that follows.
To compress thousands of years of history in a few paragraphs is a difficult task, and as with almost any historical point a millennia old, even ‘facts’ are disputable. What is generally accepted is that the first notable new arrivals to Britain came over 2000 years ago in the form of an army of Romans. Conflicts ensued with the tribal populations of Britain, but the organised martial might of the Romans proved superior, and for the following century, Roman influence spread throughout what is now known as England. Yet this was not a true invasion, as it was not until nearly 100 years later that Rome decided it wanted Britain to be part of the Roman Empire. Consequently, in 43 A.D., the first full scale invasion took place in the South East of England. Some thirty years later, Roman control had spread throughout England and Wales, although Scotland had remained defiant. Frequent incursions into England from tribes in Scotland led to the creation of one of Britain’s most impressive constructions – Hadrian’s Wall. The wall was built right across the border of Scotland and designed to protect ‘Brittania’, the Roman name given to England and Wales. Yet for 300 years, invasions from the Picts and the Scots (both tribes from Scotland) continued to harass the Romans. By 400 A.D., with the Roman Empire collapsing due to rebellions in Europe, the Roman army in Britannia was seriously weakened. Invasions by the Picts and Scots pressed deeper into what was Roman control, and new invaders arrived – the Saxons from modern-day Germany.
Classify the following events as occurring
A. before 43 A.D.
B. between 43 A.D. and 343. A.D
C. after 343 A.D.
1. Hadrian’s Wall was built
Now watch the video below to check your answer and confirm the steps you have taken.
With classifying questions, the same six steps are used. From reading the statement, we can use the keyword Hadrian’s Wall to scan the text. Having found the reference, we then look at the list we are classifying against and look for a reference to a time period. Reading in detail, we can see 43 A.D. is followed by the phrase ‘thirty years later’. This tells us that the time period must be between 43 A.D. and 343. A.D.
Now practice with this matching style question (classifying style questions are on the next page).
Read the paragraph below and answer the question that follows.
The majority of gap year programmes involve working in regions requiring external assistance with their development; Melissa Hedges, Director of GYOME (Gap Year Organisation Made Easy) says work placements may involve teaching English to local children, farm work or infrastructure development projects. Since participants in the programmes are helping to bring genuine benefit to impoverished areas, such an experience can be not only personally rewarding, but helpful with future employment searches, employers often holding the view that travel and in particular voluntary work overseas help to develop maturity, independence and team-building skills in potential graduate employees. Employment Agency Consultant Lucy Clarke says such experience can add tremendous value to applicants’ resumes and positively impact on their success at reaching interview stage. She adds that it is helpful for students to plan a gap year placement which will involve functions and responsibilities somehow related to their chosen future career if at all possible, though Scott Bradley warns that some students from some particular study disciplines may find that their own industry is less receptive to the advantages of a gap year than others. For example, graduates of a technology-related degree could find themselves at a disadvantage on their return as knowledge and applications within the industry are so dynamic.
According to the text, who believes the following:
1. A gap year may not necessarily enhance employment opportunities.
Now watch the video below to see how the answer to this question should have been found.
Now we will apply the six steps we looked at to the question from the beginning of the lesson. The first step is to read the statement, then identify any keywords. In this example, possible keywords are gap year, not enhance and employment opportunities. The keywords not enhance suggest that we are looking for a reference to the gap year which is not positive. When locating the area that is relevant, we first find this reference to a gap year. However, this does not fit the keywords from the statement because this section states that it is helpful for students – a positive reference to the gap year. Moving on, we then find this reference to a gap year and also that the industry is ‘less receptive to the advantages’. This reflects the negative reference from our keywords. Now we go to step 4, and look at the list in detail. Finding three names, we return back to the passage and read in detail, confirming that Scott Bradley is the correct answer.
In the previous page, we look at the similarities between matching and classifying question in the IELTS reading test. Now we will look more into this type of question.
There are 6 steps to answering a matching or classifying question. The first step is to read the statement you are matching or classifying. Then you should identify keywords from the statement. From there, you should locate the relevant area of the passage. When you think you have found the relevant area, look at the list you are matching or classifying to (e.g. people’s names, periods in time). You should then read the section of the passage you found in Step 3 in more detail. Finally, you should confirm the correct answer.
In the next page, we will look at applying these steps to an example question.
Read the text below and answer the CLASSIFYING questions that follow. After checking your answers, you should also look at the vocabulary section for this text at the bottom of the page. Speed levels:
25 minutes or more = TOO SLOW!
18 minutes = not bad
12 minutes = good
5 to 12 minutes = very good
less than 5 minutes = AMAZING!
Despite the great strides made in understanding and promoting health, especially in recent decades, there are still a large number of areas for which definitive research is still thin on the ground. Crystal healing, the power of suggestion and positive thinking, even acupuncture, are still not fully understood and there is a strong element of doubt, notably in western attitudes, that these ‘alternative’ options for maintaining or recovering health have any discernible value. However, there are an increasing number of people, dissatisfied with the pharmaceutical approach, who are looking elsewhere to find solutions to ailments.
Although still relatively unknown in many countries, one area that is receiving an increasing amount of attention, both positive and negative, is Quantum Neurology, a technique which redressing imbalances in the nervous system to encourage or allow the body to recognize damaged or weakened areas and act accordingly to strengthen or repair them. This is accomplished with a specific series of upper and lower body muscle strength tests designed to evaluate the entire system, as well as strengthening the nerves with light therapy, and gentle joint movements.
Having strong links to osteopathy, with its holistic approach to treatment, quantum neurology aims to relink the complete nervous system as a whole, and is reported to have had significance success in a wide range of cases. The founder and developer of the system credits the work he was able to perform on his wife following a moderate spinal cord injury and recovery. A lack of realistic treatment options or even a firm diagnosis of cause led Dr Smith, who was already studying to become an osteopath, to investigate the healing power within the nervous system. He was later noted as stating that ‘It was exhilarating to see immediate healing express itself. With well-focused corrections, damaged nerve function was restored. Nothing was added to the body and nothing was removed, simply the stimulation of the Nervous System in very specific ways to elicit the lost function to return.’
Smith has also identified a definition of the nervous system as it relates to quantum neurology. Not only does it refer to the physical body (muscles, bones, and general mechanics), but also what is classed as the non-physical body – that aspect which many people have previously known as an aura or spirit. His work over recent years has been to build a map of the nervous system, both physical and non-physical, in order to explore the functions and healing pathways, much like ‘the electrician commands the flow of electricity of a home through the breaker box and wires.’
According to Smith, for quantum neurology to take effect, a series of very precise manipulations in a clear sequence are required. The specific pattern will vary not only form person to person, but also depend very much on what weaknesses are identified and targeted. However, it is this irregular approach that has caused many to doubt the true effectiveness of the principle. Marek Sczepanski, a researcher from the Institute of Applied Medicines in Poland, has argued that unless a clear, unified approach is applied that can be tested and verified, then there is no clear way to quantifiably prove the effectiveness of quantum neurology.
Other medical debate has focused on the actual tools quantum neurology relies on to rebuild the nervous system. The principle is that it is breakdowns in communication within the nervous system that causes the problem, so tools are needed which can encourage or stimulate this communication, the most common tool being light therapy. Those promoting quantum neurology claim that a direct beam from a visible red laser, aimed directly at the brain stem, can ‘light up’ the entire nervous system, allowing the body to identify weakened or damaged areas of the system and act accordingly to repair them. This has led to others in the medical profession to argue that quantum neurology is not a reliable approach as the benefits of visible red lasers is unproven and unfounded.
Dr J F Penrey has also criticized quantum neurology on the basis not only of what he deems ‘anecdotal case studies’ rather than direct scientific research, going as a far as to say that ‘even the name quantum neurology is a marketing term meant to give the false impression of cutting edge science’.
Dr Kate Barrow follows a more neutral line – comfortable with the concept of the nervous system being able to repair itself to a degree given the right encouragement, she argues that in many, non-severe cases, positive results are largely what is know in scientific circles as dowsing. That is, the results are affected by what the patient wants to happen, rather than what was actually cured or repaired. However, Matteus Enroub, a proponent of quantum neurology, points out that if this was the case, then surrogate testing (where another person is used as the ‘medium’ between the patient and the practitioner) would not be effective. Using another person to test reactions to certain stimuli, where areas of weakness are passed through to the surrogate who had not previously been informed of these specific areas, illustrates that this cannot be a purely psychological phenomena.
Regardless of personal opinions, it is clear that Quantum Neurology is a branch of healing that requires – and deserves – further study.
Classify the following statements as referring to:
Dr J F Penrey
Dr Kate Barrow
Write the correct letter A-E in boxes 1-10 below.
1. Became involved in Quantum Neurology for personal reasons Show answer A – ‘work he was able to perform on his wife following a moderate spinal cord injury and recovery’
2. Believes that a consistent, uniform application is required in order to evaluate Quantum Neurology Show answer B – ‘unless a clear, unified approach is applied that can be tested and verified, then there is no clear way to quantifiably prove the effectiveness of quantum neurology’
3. Argues that even the language used is misleading Show answer C – ‘even the name quantum neurology is a marketing term meant to give the false impression of cutting edge science’
4. Suggests that in milder cases, there could be a psychological factor that promotes healing rather than strict science Show answer D – ‘the results are affected by what the patient wants to happen, rather than what was actually cured or repaired’
5. Tests involving people with no prior knowledge of afflictions means that the effect must be more than psychological Show answer E – the text explains that surrogate testing, using a third person, can reveal weaknesses the surrogate was not even informed of.
thin on the ground = not much of something, rare or limited
discernible = something that can be seen or determined
ailments = another word for sicknesses, aches or pains
redressing = to fix, remedy, put right
holistic = considering the body as a whole, not as individual parts
exhilarating = feel very happy or excited
elicit = to draw out, encourage a response
verified = proven, shown to be accurate or true
anecdotal = based on personal experience not research; not necessarily true
a proponent = someone who supports something
practitioner = someone engaged in an art or profession (commonly medical)
Complete the sentences below using one of the words in the list above. Use each word ONCE ONLY.
This government is a strong of encouraging people to train. Show answer proponent
The government should be doing more to the difference in wealth between rich and poor. Show answer redressing
There is a common belief that chocolate can cause spots, but this is purely – there is no scientific proof to support it. Show answer anecdotal [/true]
Western medicine if often targeted at specific problems, and this can lead to more side effects than alternatives. Show answer holistic
The police interviewed the suspect, hoping to a confession. Show answer elicit
The number of pandas are becoming increasingly . Show answer thin on the ground
He has been studying very hard and I’m happy to say there has been a improvement in his test results.Show answer discernible
Many older people find their health declining as they suffer from an increasing number of . Show answer ailments
When calling the bank, you need to know the password so your identity can be . Show answer verified
If you feel you may have caught the ‘flu, contact your nearest medical . Show answer practitioner
I love sky diving – it’s such an experience! Show answer exhilarating
Ready to try another exercise on classifying? Click here.