Category Archives: IELTS Writing Academic (all)

Analysing IELTS Task 2 writing questions

Analysing IELTS Task 2 writing questions

Analysing IELTS Task 2 writing questionsBefore you can being preparing your answer to a Task 2 topic, you need to be sure you have fully understood what you are being asked to write about.

For this post, we will analyse a Task 2 essay that is asking you to challenge a point of view.

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic.

Crime is increasing in many countries and prisons are becoming increasingly crowded. We should therefore return to the use of capital punishment.

Do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include and relevant examples or evidence from your own knowledge and experience. You should write at least 250 words.

As the instructions are always the same for Task II, we can ignore those and focus directly on the question. However, before you can begin to plan an answer, you need to be clear on exactly what you are being asked to write about.

Many Task II questions can be divided into three parts, and this can sometimes make it more difficult to identify what your focus should be.

Part 1: Crime is increasing in many countries and prisons are becoming increasingly crowded.

The first part is the general topic, which introduces the main question. This is commonly accepted as being true, so therefore your essay should not spend too much time on this aspect of the question.

Part 2: We should therefore return to the use of capital punishment.

The second part of the question is the specific topic. This is the section of the question that you need to focus on in your answer.

Part 3: Do you agree or disagree?

The final part of Task II are the task words, telling you what you should do. In this case, you are being asked whether you agree or disagree, which tells you that this is the first type of essay question (challenge a point of view). To find out more about the four types of essay question, take a look here.

However, it is important to remember that not all Task II questions have three parts. Sometimes you are only given a specific topic and task words. In the examples below, we can see that there is no general topic. The questions have only 2 parts – the specific topic and the task words.

  • People who do dangerous sports for pleasure should not be entitled to healthcare. Do you agree?
  • Fewer people are reading books these days. Suggest possible reasons why.

Now practice by looking at the essay titles below and decide what the main focus of your answer should be.

Analysing Task 2 questions

Previous comments:
Types of Task 2 essay

The four types of IELTS Task 2 essay

The four types of IELTS Task 2 essay

The four types of IELTS Task 2 essayThere are four IELTS Task 2 types in the writing test (Academic Module and General Training), and it is important to understand exactly which of the four types you are answering as this affect the organisation and structure of your work.

  • Give an opinion / challenge a point of view
  • Give solutions to a problem
  • Compare points of view
  • Discuss a given situation

The key to deciding which of the four types of essay you are writing about is given in the Task words (the words that tell you what you are required to do). Here are some examples:

Give an opinion / challenge a point of view

  • Do you agree or disagree?
  • Do you think that…?
  • To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  • Is this positive or negative?
  • Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

Give solutions to a problem

  • What measures should be taken…?
  • What should be done about…?
  • What is the solution to this?
  • In your opinion, what are the solutions?

Compare points of view

  • Discuss both views and give you opinion
  • Consider both sides and give your view
  • Argue both views and give your opinion
  • Discuss the advantages and disadvantages

Discuss a given situation

  • What problem does this cause?
  • What benefits does this bring?
  • What factors contribute to?
  • What is the main cause of this?

In some situations, there are only minor differences between the task words that make the question slightly different.

Compare:

Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages? (asking you to give an opinion or challenge a point of view)

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages (asking you to compare points of view)

In the first question, your answer could be structured with only a short reference to the advantages or disadvantages. However, in the second question, you are asked to divide your essay into equal parts of discussing both the advantages and disadvantages – a passing reference to one side of the argument here would be considered a poor structure.

Previous comments:
    Ozgur Coplu says:

    would give at least one example for ‘To what extent do you agree or disagree?’. How can we make a good assey when we face with ti?

    Irma Naj says:

    Can you please further elaborate on do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages type… as i think that 1st para will be introduction of background with my opinion that i agree that there are more advantages rather than disadvantages.. in 2nd and 3rd para there will be my point of view/thesis with examples and explanation in support of advantages… lime 1 para for 1 advantage .. in last para conclusion with restatement of my thesis.. so its more look like argument essay.. do you agree or disagree typee…. please reply

    Hi Irma – the recommendations we make are not the ONLY way to write a Task 2 essay, and your construction also sounds good. However, I would be careful about putting too much background in the first paragraph (assuming you mean the first body paragraph) as this is something that should be very briefly covered in the introduction if at all. Hope that helps! The team at http://www.IELTStestONLINE.com

IELTS writing model answer

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 007

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 7

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 7You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The table shows the percentage of people with mobile phones who use various features on their phone.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.

The table illustrates the various functions available on mobile phones, showing the percent of users that take advantage of these capabilities over three different years.

The most striking point is that with the exception of a slight fall in 2010, all owners use their mobile phone to telephone people. The second most common use is for text messaging, which steadily increased from just under three quarter of all users in 2006 to nearly four fifths of users in 2010.

Using the phone as a camera increased by 5 percent each year, rising to a peak of 76% in 2010. Playing games on the phone increased dramatically between 2006 and 2008, but then fell slightly in 2010 to end at 41%.

The largest increase in the table is between 2008 and 2010 for those browsing the internet, but no data is given for 2006. Video and music use also increased, with video overtaking music in 2010.

In total, the functions used on mobiles all increased over the years with the exception of games and making calls.

(175 words)

IELTS writing model answer

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 006

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 6

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 6You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The chart shows ways that schoolchildren get to school in three different countries.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.

The chart presents information about how pupils in three different countries travel to school, separated into 6 different categories.

For the United States and the United Kingdom, the majority of students travel by car to school, with figures of 40% and 39% respectively. In Australia only a quarter of students use this mode of transport.

The school bus is the most common method of getting to school in Australia; in the USA the number is only slightly behind those travelling by car. Less than a quarter use the school bus in the UK. Almost four times as many Australian students walked to school compared to the USA, with the UK being closer to Australia at 15%.

The remaining three categories showed only slight differences between the countries, with public transport being followed by cycling, and finally a category marked as ‘other’, which represents only about one twentieth of the total in each country.

In sum, there are differences between the countries, but the school bus and cars represent the most common ways for students to travel to school.

(178 words)

 

Percentages in Task 1 (Academic)

When describing data in Task 1 (Academic Module), you will need to show the examiner that you can use a range of different expressions rather than just repeatedly copying percentages. Having other ways to express percentages in Task 1 will give you a much better report.

Percentages in Task 1For example, writing this in your Task 1 report would not get a good result (NOTE: there is no graph for this – it is only an example).

In 2012, UK sales rose by 10% to 32% of the total, but by the following year this trend had reversed, with sales falling by 12% to reach a low of only 20% of all sales.

However, you could express the same information like this:

In 2012, UK sales rose by 10% to almost one third of the total, but by the following year this trend had reversed, with sales falling by over one tenth to reach a low of only one fifth of all sales.

IMPORTANT NOTE: what we are looking at here is using a RANGE of constructions. You should use SOME exact data in your description.

Use the table below to help avoid repeating the same constructions:

5% One twentieth
 8-9%  Just under a tenth / slightly below one tenth
 10% One tenth / a tenth
 20% One fifth  / a fifth
 25%  One quarter / a quarter
 30-32%  Just under one third / slightly below a third
 33% One third/a third
 34-35% Just over one third / slightly more than a third
 40% Two fifths
48-49% Nearly half / almost a half / slightly below one half
50% One half / a half / half
51-53% Just over one half/ slightly more than a half
60% Three fifths
64-65% Almost two thirds / Just under two thirds
66% Two thirds
73-74% Nearly three quarters / almost three quarters
75% Three quarters
80% Four fifths
98-99% Nearly all

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 005

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 5

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 5You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The line graph shows the cost for watching films. The pie charts show the change in the percentage of market share represented by the three forms.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.

The line graph and pie charts illustrate the cost for watching movies in different formats, as well as the percentage split between type.

The most notable trend with regard cost is that cinema tickets remained the most expensive way to watch a movie from 2005 to 2011, rising to a peak of slightly over £14 a ticket. Over the same period, DVD prices also increased by £2, from £6 to £8. Downloaded movies were more expensive than DVDs in 2005; this changed in 2007 when they became the cheapest format, yet by 2011, the price had risen to £9.

In 2005, the majority of people opted to hire DVDs, with those going to the cinema accounting for less than one third of the total, and movies from the internet representing only 6%. By 2011, however, both going to the cinema and renting had fallen as downloaded movies increased to just over one quarter of the market.

Overall, it is clear that although prices increased on average for all three forms, an increasing percentage of people chose to download movies.

(179 words)

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 004

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 4

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 4You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The process shows how plants create food.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

The illustration shows the process by which plants are able to produce food.

Plants require input from four different sources to produce the sugars that are needed. First, the roots absorb water. Added to this, the plant is able to convert sunlight into energy needed for the process to be able to take place. Additionally, carbon dioxide is taken from the atmosphere through the leaves. Finally come the minerals which are extracted from the soil through the roots.

When combined, these four factors allow the plant to produce sugar, which is then converted into starch and stored in the leaves and the stem until required, when it is used for growth and repair of damaged leaves, stems or roots. A byproduct of this process is the conversion of carbon dioxide to oxygen, which is released into the air.

In sum, the process requires four elements to function, and in turn produces two different effects.

(154 words)

 

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 003

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 3

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 3You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The line graph shows the number of first time visitors and returning visitors who visited Caryl Island from 2000 to 2008.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.

The line graph depicts the number of people who visited Caryl Island over an 8 year period from 2000, with data given in two yearly increments.

In 2000, the number of people who visited the destination for the first time was approximately 8,000 per annum, compared with only about 3,000 returning visitors. However, by 2002, this trend had reversed, with slightly more than 4,000 new visitors compared to nearly 10,000 returning visitors.

From 2002 to 2006, both returning and first time visitor numbers increased dramatically rising to a combined total of well over 24,000 visitors.

While the combined number of people visiting the island remained high in 2008, the variation between first time and returning visitors narrowed as the number of people on their first visit continued to increase while those coming back for additional visits fell.

In total, it is evident that the number of people visiting Caryl island increased significantly over the period given.

(156 words)

Previous comments:

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 002

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 2

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 2You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The bar chart shows the typical weekday for students in three different countries.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.

The bar chart illustrates the breakdown of a typical 24 hour period on a school day for students in 3 different countries, namely the UK, Japan and Germany.

Most notable is the amount of hours spent studying by Japanese children. At just over 13 hours a day, this is over 5 hours longer than in the UK and 4 hours above the average number for Germany.

With regards sleeping, UK schoolchildren spend the most time in bed, with approximately 8.5 hours a day. Germany is not far behind at about 8 hours, but students in Japan average at least one hour less sleep at 7 hours.

The UK and Germany share an equal 7 hours a day on relaxing or other pursuits, whereas Japanese schoolchildren have only 4 hours.

In total, it is clear that despite a few minor differences, Germany and the UK have similar statistics, whereas Japan focuses much more on studying.

(154 words)

http:// IELTSforFREE.com

IELTS Task 1 Modle answer

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 001

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The table gives information about the average hours spent on the Internet by European people of different age groups.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

IELTS Academic Task 1 Writing model answer 1The table shows the median number of weekly hours various age groups in Europe spend on the internet.

The most striking point to note is that Internet usage is at its highest for those aged between 16 and 20, with the figure for males being 19 hours and females just one hour less. These figures represent an increase of treble the previous age category for women and over two times more for males.

From 21 onwards, the hours spent reduced dramatically. By the ages of 26 to 30, males and females spend the same amount of time online with 4 hours each, after which females reportedly spend slightly longer online than males for the remaining two categories, falling to only 3 hours for men and 4 hours for women for those aged 51 or older.

Overall, it can be seen that the highest period of internet usage for both male and female was the age range of 16 to 20.

(160 words)