Category Archives: IELTS Writing General Training (all)

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 046

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 46

All of the model answers on this site are guaranteed band 9

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Nowadays we are producing more and more rubbish.

Why do you think this is happening? What can the government do to help reduce the amount of rubbish produced?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 46There is no doubt that modern society creates more refuse per person than previously. This essay will first consider some of the influences that have caused this, then suggest some ways that the authorities can promote a reduction in this increase.

The main cause for the increased amount of waste produced is largely the result of excess packaging that is common in society today. A simple fast food meal has bags, wrappers and containers that are in use for just a few minutes before being discarded. There is also a rising trend towards disposable items which are designed to have a short life before being consigned to the dustbin. Common examples include razors, bottles and plastic bags.

Another major cause for the rise in refuse can also be linked to technology. Computers, tablet devices, mobile phones and more are considered old and obsolete, often within only a few years of use. These devices are often not recycled but are simply abandoned to lie in landfills.

It is perhaps with this second point that the government can be the most proactive. By encouraging recycling, either by better programmes of education or more available facilities, more of the material that would otherwise be dumped could be recycled and put back into use. There is also the possibility for local councils to charge more for refuse collection services, thus making adding a financial incentive for people to recycle more assiduously. Admittedly, this could lead to more illegal dumping as people attempt to avoid paying additional costs.

In summary, there are varied reasons as to why the amount of waste produced is increasing, but there are also avenues the government could consider in order to reduce this.

 

(283 words)

Task 2 IELTS writing – the basics Page 3

Task 2 IELTS writing – the basics Page 3

Before starting this lesson, make sure you’ve seen page 1 and page 2.

In the final page in this lesson, we will look at what might be the MOST important point regarding Task 2 writing – the 4 different types of Task 2, and the style you should use depending on which type it is.

Video 3 of 3

Narration:
Now let’s look at some examples of the four different types of Task II essays you may have to write about. The most common type of Task II requires you to give an opinion or challenge a point of view. Here is an example. The same question type could also be presented like this. You could also be given a question like this. The basic point of these questions is that you are presented with a situation or a statement that you have to give opinions about. The second type for Task II essay is when you are asked to compare points of view. Here is an example. Notice how the instructions tell us to discuss both the advantages and the disadvantages, then give an opinion. In this example, we are told to argue both opinions and give your view.

The way in which we approach essays that ask us to compare is slightly different to the type that asks us to give an opinion or challenge a point of view, as will be discussed later in the course. The final two types of Task II essay are the least common: we may be asked to give solutions to a problem or discuss a given situation; for instance, talking about benefits, causes or reasons. Here is an example of solutions essay. Here are examples of essays which require you to discuss a given situation. Knowing which type of essay you are writing about is important because it affects the way you plan and present your ideas. We will look at this in more detail later in the course, but on the next page you will see a list of common task words for the different essay types. You can often identify which type of Task II you are writing about from the task words themselves.


Here are some common task words that you might see for each Task 2 type:

Give an opinion / challenge a point of view

Do you agree or disagree?
Do you think…?
To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Do the benefits outweigh the drawbacks?
Is this positive or negative?
What is your opinion?

Compare points of view

Discuss both views and give your opinion.
Consider both sides and give your view.
Argue both views and give your opinion.
Discuss the two points and give your opinion.
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages.
Discuss the two situations and give your view.

Give solutions to a problem

What measures should be taken…?
What can be done about this?
What is the solution to this?
In your opinion what are the solutions?
How can the situation be improved?

Discuss a given situation

What problems does this cause?
What are the advantages of….?
In your opinion what are the problems associated with this?
What are the disadvantages of….?
What benefits does this bring?
What factors contribute to…?

Now practice!

Look at the Task 2 title below and select the question type you think it is.

A lot of people do business internationally. Therefore we should abolish passports to make it easier to travel. Do you agree or disagree?

Give an opinion / challenge a point of view
Compare points of view
Give solutions to a problem
Discuss a given situation

Show the answer
The correct answer is give an opinion / challenge a point of view.

There is a rising rate of obesity among children in developed countries. What can be done about this?

Give an opinion / challenge a point of view
Compare points of view
Give solutions to a problem
Discuss a given situation

Show the answer
The correct answer is give solutions to a problem.

The internet now allows fast access to a huge range of information. Do you think that libraries are still important?

Give an opinion / challenge a point of view
Compare points of view
Give solutions to a problem
Discuss a given situation

Show the answer
The correct answer is give an opinion / challenge a point of view.

Some people believe that the government should support the arts. Others believe that the money would be better spent on basic services such as healthcare. Discuss both points of view and give your opinion.

Give an opinion / challenge a point of view
Compare points of view
Give solutions to a problem
Discuss a given situation

Show the answer
The correct answer is compare points of view.

The rate of childhood obesity is rising in many developed countries. Why do you think this is?

Give an opinion / challenge a point of view
Compare points of view
Give solutions to a problem
Discuss a given situation

Show the answer
The correct answer is discuss a given situation.

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Task 2 IELTS writing – the basics Page 2

Task 2 IELTS writing – the basics Page 2

Before starting this lesson, make sure you’ve seen page 1.

On the previous page, you answered some questions about Task 2. On this page, we will look at the marking criteria – that is, what the examiner is looking for when assessing your Task 2 essay.

Video 2 of 3

Narration:
The examiner is looking for your essay to demonstrate 4 different aspects in order to get a good result: task response (have you completed the task?), cohesion and coherence (does your answer make sense?), lexical resource (have you used academic vocabulary?) and grammatical range and accuracy (is your grammar correct and have you shown a number of different structures?).

First is whether you have completed the requirements of the Task. That is, have you ( written at least 250 words but not more than about 270? Also in this section, the examiner will be looking to see if you have presented a clear point of view, and also that you have supported your opinions.

The second area the examiner will be looking at is whether what you have written actually makes sense. This means that when you plan and write your essay, you must have a logical presentation with ideas that are linked together. You should also have a clear sentence and paragraph structure.

For lexical resource, you are being judged on whether the vocabulary you use is accurate and academic. You should avoid repeating vocabulary – especially using words taken from the question title.

The final area you are being marked on is your grammar – again, you should use an academic level of grammar and avoid repeating grammar structures. In this IELTS writing course, you will have plenty of practice in order to improve your skills in all of these areas.


Now look at the points below and decide which of the 4 writing criteria each one relates to.

If you repeat words, especially from the question, you will lose marks under…
Lexical resource
Cohesion and coherence
Task response
Grammatical range and accuracy

Show the answer
The correct answer is Lexical resource

You need to show the examiner that you can express yourself using a range of sentence structures and will gain marks under…
Lexical resource
Cohesion and coherence
Task response
Grammatical range and accuracy

Show the answer
The correct answer is Grammatical range and accuracy

If you write less that 250 words, you will lose marks under…
Lexical resource
Cohesion and coherence
Task response
Grammatical range and accuracy

Show the answer
The correct answer is Task response.

You need to express your arguments and ideas clearly to gain marks under…
Lexical resource
Cohesion and coherence
Task response
Grammatical range and accuracy

Show the answer
The correct answer is Cohesion and coherence.

Task 2 IELTS writing – the basics

Task 2 IELTS writing – the basics

Before you begin this lesson, you will need to know the meaning of the words below as they are part of the lesson.

POINT OF VIEW: (noun phrase) An opinion . Example: ‘It can sometimes be difficult to understand other peoples’ points of view.’

CHALLENGE: (verb) To argue against an opinion. Example: ‘In IELTS writing, you may need to challenge an opinion by giving a different point of view’.

(noun) A difficult situation. Example: ‘Studying in a second language can be a challenge for many students’.

PROVIDE: (verb) To give or offer. Example: ‘IELTS students need to provide evidence and examples to support their opinions.’

COHESION: (noun) Joining ideas together. Example: ‘A good essay will be easy to understand because of its cohesion’

COHERENCE: (noun) Able to be understood. Example: ‘An essay needs to show coherence; that is, a logical flow of ideas’.

INSTRUCTIONS: (noun) What you have to do. For example: His instructions were to deliver the package to Mr Jones.

DEMONSTRATE: (verb) To show. Example: ‘It is important to demonstrate a range of accurate grammar in your IELTS essay’.

STRUCTURE: (noun) The way in which parts are arranged or put together. Example: ‘A good essay should have a clear structure’.

(verb) To arrange something into clear parts or order. Example: ‘It is important to structure your answer clearly in the IELTS test’.

LEXICAL: (adjective) Talking about vocabulary (words). For example: ‘He has a good lexical ability – he knows a lot of words’


How much do you know already?

Before watching the video below, see what you know about writing a Task 2 essay.

Are the following statements TRUE or FALSE?

You should write the title of the essay at the top of your answer sheet.

Click here for the answer.

This is false. There is no need to write the question again. It does not count towards your 250 words and you do not have time to waste.

You do not have time to plan your essay.


Click here for the answer.

This is false. With practice, you will have time to plan before you write. If you start writing without a clear plan you can find that your essay is not logically and clearly presented.

You should write your plan on the question sheet, not the answer sheet.


Click here for the answer.

This is true. The examiner will not mark your plan (although it helps you to write a better essay). It also does not count towards the 250 words. By writing it on the question paper you do not have to keep it tidy and your essay is presented more clearly for your examiner to read.

You can request extra paper to write on if you need to.

Click here for the answer.

This is true. In the examination room, if you find you need extra paper to write on then simply raise your hand.

There are two choices for each Task 2 essay.

Click here for the answer.

This is false. You are only given one Task 2 and one Task 2. You have no choice and have to write on whatever topic you are given.

Articles (a/an/the) do not count towards the word limit.

Click here for the answer.

This is false. All words written in your essay are included in the word count, unless they are copied directly from the question title.

Video 1 of 3

Narration:

There are two sections to the IELTS writing test – Task 1 and Task 2. Each comes with a different set of instructions, telling you how you should complete the Task. IN Task 2 you are given four different instructions as well as the essay title.

The first instruction is that You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. The writing test takes one hour in total – 20 minutes for Task 1 and 40 minutes for Task 2. This is because Task 2 is more heavily weighted – meaning that Task 2 is worth more to your final result than Task 1.

The second instruction is that you should Write about the following topic. After this, of course, comes your essay title.

The third instruction is that you should Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples or evidence from your own knowledge and experience. This means that you whatever comments or opinions you put in your essays, they must be supported with examples.

The final instruction is You should write a least 250 words. This is very important as writing fewer than 250 words is a certain way to lose points.


Now you’ve watched the video, answer the questions below.

Are the following statements TRUE or FALSE?

You should spend about 40 minutes on Task 2.

Click here for the answer.

This is true. The IELTS writing test takes one hour for Task 1 and Task 2. You should spend about 20 minutes on Task 1 and about 40 minutes on Task 2.

Task 2 is worth more points than Task 1.

Click here for the answer.

This is true. Task 2 is two thirds of your final result; Task 1 is only one third.

In Task 2, you are giving information. You will not be expected to give and support opinions.

Click here for the answer.

This is false. Task 1 essays ask you to transfer information. Task 2 essays ask for opinion, as well as evidence & examples to support your points.

You should write up to 250 words.

Click here for the answer.

This is false. It’s a little bit of a trick question – the statement says ‘up to 250 words’, whereas the correct statement should read ‘at least 250 words’.

You have to start the writing test by completing Task 1.

Click here for the answer.

This is false. Because Task 2 is worth more points, it’s actually better to start with this task and then finish with Task 1. If you run out of time, you lose fewer points!

Task 1 the basics (General Training) Page 2

Task 1 the basics (General Training) Page 2

Before starting this lesson, make sure you’ve seen page 1.

On the previous page, we have looked at the aims of Task 1, what you need to do and why you should avoid writing too few or too many words. On this page, we will look at what the examiner is looking for in your Task 1 answer.

Video 3/3

Narration:

The examiner is looking for your essay to demonstrate 4 different aspects in order to get a good result: task achievement (have you completed the task?), cohesion and coherence (does your answer make sense?), lexical resource (have you used academic vocabulary?) and grammatical range and accuracy (is your grammar correct and have you shown a number of different structures?).

First is whether you have completed the requirements of the Task. That is, have you written at least 150 words but not more than about 170? Also in this section, the examiner will be looking to see if you have given an accurate description of the graph. Transferring information incorrectly will lose marks. The second area the examiner will be looking at is whether what you have written actually makes sense. This means that when you plan and write your essay, you must have a logical presentation with ideas that are linked together.

You should also have a clear sentence and paragraph structure. For lexical resource, you are being judged on whether the vocabulary you use is accurate and academic. You should avoid repeating vocabulary – especially using words taken from the question title. The final area you are being marked on is your grammar – again, you should use an academic level of grammar and avoid repeating grammar structures. In this IELTS writing course, you will have plenty of practice in order to improve your skills in all of these areas.


Now check your understanding by answering the following questions.

Which of these four marking criteria would the aspects below be related to?

Task achievement
Coherence and cohesion
Grammatical range and accuracy
Lexical resource

Linking your ideas

Show answer

How you link your ideas will be assessed under ‘Coherence and cohesion’.

Avoiding using words from the question

Show answer

Avoiding using words from the question will improve your result for ‘lexical resource’.

Using a variety of different grammar structures

Show answer

That one was easy! Using a variety of different grammar structures will improve your result for ‘Grammatical range and accuracy’.

Writing at least 150 words

Show answer

Writing at least 150 words is essential for getting a good result under ‘Task Achievement’.

Task 1 the basics (General Training)

Task 1 the basics (General Training)

Before you begin this lesson, you will need to know the meaning of the words below as they are part of the lesson.

INSTRUCTIONS: What you have to do. For example: His instructions were to deliver the package to Mr Jones.

ACADEMIC: (adjective) Something or someone showing a high level of education. Example: ‘University students have to write in an academic style’.

TRANSFER: (verb) To move from one place to another or from one type to another. Example: ‘In the IELTS reading test, candidates have to complete the test and transfer their answer to the answer paper in 60 minutes’.

AIM: (verb) To direct towards a particular goal or target. For example: ‘I am aiming to get a 7.5 on my IELTS test’

CATEGORY: (noun) A division or class of something. For example: There are several categories of cars – family cars, sports cars, 4 wheel drives…

LOGICAL: (adjective) Makes sense, is reasonable. Example: ‘It is important to take a logical approach to the IELTS exam’.(adverb: logically)

LIMIT: (noun) A top or bottom point. For example: If you drink three bottles of beer, you are over the limit to be able to drive.

ERROR: (noun) A mistake. Example: ‘There are a number of common errors made by IELTS candidates’.

DEMONSTRATE: (verb) To show. Example: ‘It is important to demonstrate a range of accurate grammar in your IELTS essay’.

COHESION: (noun) Joining ideas together. Example: ‘A good essay will be easy to understand because of its cohesion’

COHERENCE: (noun) Able to be understood. Example: ‘An essay needs to show coherence; that is, a logical flow of ideas’.

LEXICAL: (adjective) Talking about vocabulary (words). For example: ‘He has a good lexical ability – he knows a lot of words’.

Video 1 of 3

Narration:

An introduction to Task I writing for the General Training test. The aim of Task 1 in the General Training test is to write a letter in response to a problem or situation. The letter may need to be written formally, semi formally or informally. In the test you may have to show an ability to use the following types of language.

Video 2 of 3

Narration:

Each task one type has the same set of instructions. The first instruction is that you should spend about twenty minutes on this task. You only have one hour to complete both task I and task II, so it is important that you do not spend more than about 20 minutes on Task I. The second instruction is that you should write at least 150 words.

Writing anything over 170 words can actually reduce your final result as you are more likely to make errors and not have enough time to complete task II. The final instruction is that you do not need to write any addresses – you should just start your letter with ‘Dear…’. The question itself will give background to the situation. You will also be given three bullet points that you will need to refer to in your answer.

Now go to page 2 for this lesson to see the next video and answer some questions.

Common errors in IELTS writing – ‘government’

Common errors in IELTS writing – ‘government’

Using the correct words in your IELTS test can make the difference between succeeding and having to resit the test, so make sure you’ve got the right word or phrase!

In this post, we will look at the use of the word ‘government’. To begin, look at the three sentences below. Are they used correctly or not? Consider the grammar, punctuation and syntax (sentence order).

 

1. The Government should be responsible for providing free education to all citizens.

Show answer  This is not correct – when used in the middle of the sentence, there is no need for the word ‘government’ to have a capital letter.

2. Many people believe it is a government’s responsibility to provide a good standard of healthcare.

Show answer  This is not correct. Although the sentence may be talking in general, it is more natural to use ‘the government’.

3. Governments should be held responsible for periods of economic recession.

Show answer  This is not correct. Again, this would be more common as ‘the government’, even when referring about more than one government.

4. The government legislation should be put in place to ensure that all criminals are sent to prison.

Show answer  This is not correct. The use of ‘the’ here means that you are referring to specific legislation, but this legislation is not clearly given, so it should be simply ‘Government legislation…’

5. In addition to government’s laws, citizens should also feel morally obliged to keep their country clean.

Show answer  This is not correct and is a lot trickier to explain. This could have been expressed as ‘In addition to government laws, citizens…’ OR ‘In addition to the government’s laws, citizens…’

6. It would be more effective if the government enforced the laws equally, regardless of wealth or status.

Show answer  This is correct.

7. For instance, the government of Singapore has passed a law that each citizen should separate their waste and dispose of it in either a recycled or non-recycled trash bin.

Show answer  This is correct

8. It is therefore very clear that government should enforce strict legislation and raise public awareness against deforestation.

Show answer  This should either be plural (governments) or ‘the government’.

9. Without funding, cultural art centres would have to rely heavily on the government.

Show answer  This is correct.

10. It would be a better form of the government if people were allowed to make more choices for themselves.

Show answer  This is not correct. In this sentence, ‘government’ has been used not with the meaning of a particular group of people making decisions for the country, but general direction, control and decision making (as in ‘The school should be allowed to govern itself’).

11. It is the responsibility of the governments to collect taxes.

Show answer  This is not correct. The writer is referring to all governments around the world, but this should be expressed as ‘It is the responsibility of governments to collect taxes’. OR  ‘It is the responsibility of the government to collect taxes.’

 

 

6 common errors when writing an introduction to IELTS Task 2

When writing an introduction to your Task 2 essay, there are a number of points you need to include (take a look at this page). On this page, we will focus on 6 of the most common errors we see that cost candidates points when writing their introduction.

For this lesson, we will use the following question:

‘As people are using the internet more, there is less need for libraries, so libraries should be closed. Do you agree or disagree?’

Error number 1 – duplication

Candidate’s answer:

Because people are using the internet more, it can be argued that there is less need for libraries and as a result they should be closed, as will now be discussed.

This is not a good introduction to Task 2 the candidate has used too many words from the question – people are using the internet more / there is less need for libraries / so libraries should be closed. Copying the words from the title with only minimal changes does not illustrate your abilities to the examiner, and there is a risk that this will simply deducted from your total word count.

Error number 2 – incomplete summary

Candidate’s answer:

There is a school of thought which argues that libraries are no longer needed and as a result should not remain in operation, although not all people agree. This situation will now be discussed.

What the candidate has written is good. There is not too much in the way of copying and the candidate has used parallel expressions where possible. However, there is no reference to the closure of libraries being the result of more people using the internet, so the introduction has not captured all elements of the question and is therefore incomplete.

Error number 3 – relevance

Candidate’s answer:

Libraries have been commonly used in the majority of countries around the world for hundreds of years, and most towns and even some villages have them. They are used by a wide range of people from students to retired people who are looking for books or resources either to read for entertainment or education. 

There is no focus on the question here, and the information given is only partly related to the topic and would be considered irrelevant. A reference to library users may fit at some point in the body of the essay, but the purpose of the introduction is to show the examiner that you have understood the question and will present a clear and relevant answer.

Error number 4 – personalisation

Candidate’s answer:

I think that despite the information that can be accessed via the internet, there is a still a need for libraries as they offer information from a range of sources which are often more reliable than a basic website. I will now presented my point of view in greater detail.

The general direction of this introduction is good, but the candidate has used personal pronouns (I and my) which are not suited to the formal writing style expected in Task 2. Using the passive to restructure the sentence would have produced a better result.

Error number 5 – unsupported statements

Candidate’s answer:

No, they should not be closed. Libraries are a valuable source of information but also offer additional benefits such as a social aspect, where people can meet. In these days of technology, it is important that a human element is retained as will now be discussed.

Apart from the first 6 words, this is a good introduction. The problem is making a direct statement at the very beginning of the essay which assumes the reader has read the question title. The candidate’s first response (‘No, they should not be closed.’) would be perfectly acceptable in a speaking assessment, but not writing. Always assume that the person reading your essay has not read the question title, so you need to clarify the argument in your introduction.

Error number 6 – no direction

Candidate’s answer:

There is an argument that libraries are no longer required as the wide accessibility of the internet has made them redundant. 

This is a good start, but the candidate has not indicated the direction that the essay will take. Will both sides of the argument be considered? Is the writer in favour of closing libraries or not? Is technology going to replace libraries? Although the candidate has addressed the question, the introduction gives the examiner no idea of what to expect next, so would not be considered very coherent.

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 045

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 45

All of the model answers on this site are guaranteed band 9

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Attitude is as important as knowledge in a test situation.

To what extent do you agree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


Students react in different ways to different pressures, but for many people examinations and tests are a time of nervousness and panic. It is here that it could be argued that these are not a true test of a subject but of the candidate’s character, a point of view which will now be considered.

Candidates taking a test with no understanding of the subject are unlikely to do very well. Without understanding what they are being asked to respond to, they are forced to rely only on common sense, presenting an answer that may be correct. In comparison with studious and prepared candidates, it is obvious that the latter would perform better.

However, a counterargument can be made by considering nervous candidates who have little confidence. Such people could find themselves unable to organise of their thoughts, finding that the time allotted for the test has gone before having time to write more than a few lines. Now compare the candidates who have written fluently and at length with candidates who have managed only a few lines, and it becomes considerably more difficult to assess whether attitude is superior to knowledge.

Candidates with a confident attitude consequently have the possibility of attaining a similar grade to those less confident but with knowledge of the subject being tested. Overall, therefore, what is needed in a test situation is a balance between the two, in which the information gleaned from studying is balanced with a positive and organised approach to the test. (263 words)

(250 words)

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 044

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 44

All of the model answers on this site are guaranteed band 9

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Drug addiction is becoming an increasing problem. In order to reduce this problem, caught using drugs should be automatically sentenced to time in prison.

Do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


When considering what punishments should be delivered for certain crimes, there are a number of factors that need to be considered, such as the extent of an individual’s involvement in drugs, as will now be explained.

Drug addiction can begin for a number of reasons, and although drug abuse is illegal, the factors which cause the addiction need to be considered. Young people may find themselves pressured by their peers into experimenting with drugs, or some may even seek the narcotic value of the substance as an escape from a particularly harsh reality.

If the only intention was to remove anyone guilty of a crime from society, then this could be considered effective. Yet in cases where there are extenuating circumstances, prison is unlikely to offer a true solution to the problem. and can often be a regressive step as the cause of the drug abuse is not addressed. The solution is more likely to lie in education and support, not prison.

However, for those who have been offered rehabilitation but continue to abuse drugs, a jail term needs to be considered, not only as they are breaking the law but also to act as a deterrent for future potential addicts.If the abuser is also engaged in supplying drugs to others, then a prison sentence should be required.

In conclusion, if it can be be ascertained that the person caught using drugs has a reasonable chance of being rehabilitated without resorting to prison, then this is the route that should be taken.

(253 words)