Category Archives: IELTS Writing Task 2 (model answers)

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 024

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IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 24

All of the model answers on this site are guaranteed band 9

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

In some countries, people who commit less serious crimes are made to undertake community service* instead of a prison sentence. Some people believe that all people who have committed a crime should be sent to prison.

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Do you agree or disagree?

*compulsory work helping the community, such as decorating public facilities, which they must carry out in their spare time for a given period.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

 

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 24There are certain situations in which the law has been broken where it is more appropriate to sentence the guilty party to community service rather than time in jail as the following essay explains.

Firstly, the penal system in many countries is under pressure. In many cultures, crime rates are increasing, exacerbating this problem. Funding of correctional institutions is expensive and many believe that money spent would be better utilised in other areas, such as healthcare. It would be unacceptable for some criminals who pose a risk to society, such as murderers, to retain their freedom; however, demands on the prison system can be eased if minor criminals, shoplifters for example, are punished in a different fashion.

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Community service is a viable alternative to a prison sentence, not only to ease the financial burden of a country’s crime and punishment system, but also because while offenders are punished by having to sacrifice their free time, they also make a contribution to society. For example, if community service involved renovation of a youth centre in a deprived area, the local people could benefit enormously and costs of providing the facility would be decreased due to the free labour provided by those carrying out community service.

Admittedly, prison sentences for all crimes could reduce the incidence of crime over the long-term; however, many offenders may not be discouraged from breaking the law regardless of potential punishment as they may believe that they will never actually be caught.

To summarise, though prison sentences for all crimes could reduce the number of offences, there are stronger arguments for not imprisoning all offenders.

 

(268 words)

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 023

 

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 23

All of the model answers on this site are guaranteed band 9

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Traffic congestion in major cities is an increasing problem, yet there is an environmental impact to be considered when building new roads.

What can be done about this problem?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

 

ielts writing model answer 23It is a well-known fact that of all the animal species on earth, humans are the most inconsiderate. Traffic pollution is getting worse, yet simply creating more roads, while being technically possible, has even more of a negative effect on the land, therefore other possibilities need to be considered.

One of the more obvious solutions to the problem would be to improve public transport and raise the expense of driving our own cars. Either by control or by funding, local governments could ensure that public transport becomes the most economical method of commuting to work. In one European country, local governments have pursued this scheme and the results have been so successful that they have actually reduced the number of roads into the city.

Another potential solution is to encourage working from home. The technology is readily available for most of us to do so, and is likely to be popular with a high percentage of employees. The introduction of more flexible working hours is also a possibility that, although not actually leading to fewer cars on the road, would help congestion problems.

In many countries, local transport authorities have erected signs that provide information about road conditions, giving drivers the opportunity to find less congested routes to their destination. This system could be improved by more advanced technology in cars themselves.

Regardless of the final solution, it is becoming increasingly clear that traffic pollution is not simply a local issue but a global one, and unless alternative strategies are put into effect soon the damage may be irreversible.

(259 words)

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 022

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 22

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:

Advances in technology and automation have reduced the need for manual labour. Therefore working hours should be reduced.

To what extent do you agree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

 

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 22In many production-oriented factories, machinery has evolved to such a degree that the demand for physical labour has considerably reduced, leading to the suggestion of a reduced working week. However, there are several factors that need to be considered.

 

Primarily, the long-term impact of shorter working weeks needs to be considered. Although less time at work may sound appealing, the reality is that people may find that they have too much free time. Fewer working hours would presumably mean less income, so a situation arises where employees have more leisure time than their income can support. This has the potential to result in feelings of boredom, frustration or anxiety, all of which have possible side-effects for society as a whole.

 

Connected with this comes the social factor of self-esteem. Being made redundant can have a negative impact on many people, especially if the position is replaced with a robot. To illustrate, a staff member employed for cleaning purposes who is then replaced by an automatic cleaning system is unlikely to feel positive about their own sense of worth.

 

A solution that would benefit all those concerned would be to utilize the time no longer required for manual labour for something more productive. Instead of simply reducing the working week, a combination of industry and government support could allow for employees to receive further education and training, such as management skills or personal development courses.

 

Even automated factories still require technicians, mechanics and designers to maintain and improve production.

 

To summarise, until such time as automation has reduced the working week for all types of employee, it would perhaps be counter-productive to reduce the working week of those involved in manual labour without providing an alternative simply because they are replaceable.

 

(260 words)

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 021

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 21

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 21You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:

Individuals should not be allowed to carry guns.

Do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

There are some who hold the opinion that gun ownership should be restricted, as it is in many countries, and that people in general should not be permitted to keep them. This is an opinion which can strongly be supported as will now be discussed.

A major reason why governments should not allow people to have guns is because of the potential for accidents. In America, for example, it is legal to shoot another person if they are found in a private home committing a crime, but this can lead to people dying over cases of mistaken identity. In addition, there are crimes where people act rashly or in anger, so guns that were intended for defence are often used aggressively.

There is also the intentional damage caused by guns. It is statistically evident that the number of gun-related crimes is higher in countries where firearm ownership is legal. Countries like America, for instance, suffer from disproportionately high number of fatal shootings in comparison with most other countries.

Some people, however, argue that shooting is a sport, thus being prevented from owning their own firearm is both unjust and a violation of their rights. Yet this must be balanced with the overwhelming number of people who use these guns for criminal purposes.

To sum up, it is clear that the proliferation of guns leads to injury and death both intentionally and unintentionally. Although there are points to support gun ownership, they are weak in comparison to the rising tide of gun crime, a situation which will only continue to worsen under current laws.

(263 words)

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 020

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 20

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 20As we move into the digital age, books and newspapers are becoming less important. Within the next 20 years, computers will have entirely replaced any other such form of media.

To what extent do you agree with the above?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

There is little doubt that computers and the internet have had an effect on more traditional forms of media, but it is unlikely that these more contemporary options will by the only choice available by the end of the next two decades.

Consider, for example, the impact that television had in the 1900s, and the fears that this would lead to the end of more traditional pastimes like reading, Yet books remain popular across all generations. For many employees, computers have become part of their working day, and as such they are not as keen to use them at home as well. Packing for a holiday, sitting by the bed, in the garden on a summer’s day – these are all situations where books have remained, and almost certainly will remain, the media of choice. Even amongst the young, there has been resurgence of interest in reading, as the Harry Potter phenomenon illustrated.

The future for newspapers, however, is less clear. Certainly there is something of a ritual about collecting and reading the morning paper, be it over breakfast or on the way to work, but there is a clear possibility that the internet, which offers the most up-t-date news, the clearest pictures and the widest coverage, will soon replace this.

To summarise, therefore, while there have been rapid developments in the field of computing, it is arguable that the technology of the future and the media of the past are not mutually exclusive but complement each other, although this is perhaps stronger for books than it is for newspaper.

(260 words)

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 019

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 19

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:

Visa applications should be relaxed for people who want to study in another country.

Do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 19For many people interested in studying abroad, one of the first problems they face is obtaining a visa to enter the country and, in many situations, the procedure is time-consuming and frustrating. As a result, there is a clear case for making visa applications less stringent. However, there is also a potential for abuse of the system if made more lenient, and both of these options need to be considered.

In support of simplifying the visa application procedure, it must be remembered that obtaining a visa is one of the first steps towards studying in a foreign country. If this process is difficult then it can reflect poorly on the country the student is intending to go to. Moreover, once in the country, students often find it is less problematic to use the services of an immigration agent, to whom they surrender their passports and pay sometimes phenomenal sums of money. In the same way, this again reflects poorly on the host country.

Yet there is a point of view that suggests visa regulations should remain as they are, or even become stricter. It is inevitable that once a developed country opens it door to students, there will be some who will exploit the opportunity without any intention of fulfilling the study requirements of their visa.

To conclude, perhaps the best solution would be to allow the schools, colleges and universities that attract international students to have greater control over those students that arrive in the country. This would allow the institutions themselves to police the students while being overseen by the Immigration Services itself.

(265 words)

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 018

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 18

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:

Computers have changed the way people study.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of using computers as study aids?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 18Advancements in technology have made a significant difference to the way in which people are able to learn, and though this is mostly beneficial, there are also some negative aspects that will also be considered.

Beginning with the positive points, the ability to work on assessments and coursework on a computer means that work can be saved safely and transported from place to place. Before the arrival of computers, students traditionally had files and folders with their course notes, and this took up a considerable amount of room and was difficult to keep track of; now, complete lecture notes and much more can be stored on a flash drive that can be easily put in a pocket or bag.

In addition, lectures and learning material can be made available online, allowing for a multimedia educational environment. This is likely to engage a wider range of students as it has the ability to cater for a wider range of learning styles. For example, some students study best by repeatedly listening to a teacher, and this can now be achieved more conveniently by having videos available.

On the downside, there are occasions where information stored digitally can be deleted, overwritten or corrupted, all situations that do not occur on traditional paper based work. There is also the concern that material can be garnered from the Internet and passed off as the students own work, making plagiarism a potential issue. However, the concept of plagiarism has long been a problem, and there are computer programs available today that will pinpoint the source of non original work.

In conclusion, although there are potential disadvantages, they are outweighed by the positives.

(276 words)

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 017

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 17

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:

People who start a university course but do not complete it should be fined.

Do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 17Of the number of undergraduates that begin a course of tertiary study, there is a percentage of those that do not finish the course, but the argument that they should therefore be financially penalised is riddled with potential problems.

It needs to be considered first of all what motivated the student to leave their studies before they have graduated. If the decision was made due to financial constraints, then clearly adding an additional fine is simply adding to the pressure. For example, there are many older people who decide to go back to university but may already have a mortgage and dependent children, and may consequently find that their income is insufficient to cover their needs.

Moreover, rather than attempting to make the student pay, it might be better to consider whether the student was actually given sufficient support during their studies. There are situations where the student may feel that they are not following the course and are unable complete the required assignments, and therefore leave the course. Retention rates may be improved if there were personal tutors on hand to offer advice to those students who are losing confidence in their ability to remain on the course.

On the other hand, there is an argument that the risk of a penalty would dissuade people from starting courses that they were not particularly motivated to complete in the first place.

In conclusion, therefore, although the idea of being charged for non completion of a course would perhaps reduce the number of uncommitted enrolments, it is not an advisable solution for genuine students.

(263 words)

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 016

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 16

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:

Studying business or science related subjects at university level is more important that arts related courses like literature.

Do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 16When considering tertiary level education, there is a school of thought that believes that studying more concrete topics such as commerce, physics or biology is more valuable to society than spending time focused on novels and other literary subjects. However, this argument is flawed for a number of reasons as will now be presented.

Although certain fields of study lead more directly into a position of employment, university education is valuable not only for the education learned but also as an indication that the person has the ability to learn, and as such it is irrelevant whether it is a career based course of study or something more intangible, like the arts. It suggests to potential employers that person can learn new skills, and this is often as important as what is already known.

Moreover, those that complete an arts related degree could potentially go on to be writers, poets or playwrights, for example, and thus contribute to society in a cultural form rather than financially or technologically. The opinion that the writer is of less worth than the scientist is very biased, especially when it comes to a contribution to society.

Admittedly, there is the point that science and business related education can financially benefit a country, whereas art and literature does not offer the same value economically. However, a country’s wealth is not calculated in financial terms alone.

In sum, therefore, both types of education offer advantages to the country, so neither should be preference over the other as both have a degree of value to society.

(259 words)

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 015

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 15

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:

Traffic problems are increasing in most cities.

What can be done about this?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.

IELTS Task 2 Writing model answer 15Increasing urban populations have led to a corresponding increase in the number of vehicles on the road, resulting in rising congestion in city centres. There are a number of potential solutions to the problem, as will now be discussed.

Perhaps the first step to take would be to improve the availability of public transport and install bus lanes throughout the city. Whilst this would, in the short term, increase the pressure on the roads, it is likely to result in more people using public transport and leaving their vehicle at home. One way of encouraging people to adopt buses and trains is to lower the price and expand the timetable.

Following that, local councils or the government could make it more difficult for car drivers to use their car by either charging a levy or only allowing certain vehicles in city areas on certain days. A similar system has been running in London for some time, and has resulted in fewer vehicles on the roads.

An alternative idea, one which is more extreme than levies and selective use, is to simply prevent private passenger vehicles from entering the city at all. By having only public transport options, there would be no problem with congestion and would allow for more pedestrian areas in the metropolitan areas.

To sum up, there are a range of options available to reduce the number of cars in the centre of cities, but ultimately they all rely on an improved public transport system and encouraging drivers and their passengers to use it.

(256 words)